Posts Tagged ‘Fallout’


updated Sep21st 2016

one Curie -about 37,000.000,000 disintegrations per second

thanks to Maureen Roy for the study

The actual number of leaking fuel rods in the reactor can not be determined with certainty, said Prof. Tsivoglou, a nuclear expert, who made reports and certificates in the nuclear field / for reactors.The emissions to air and water will also depend on the leakage rate. The radioactive output from the chimney and into the water is very different.
The normal continuous reactor operation will generate a chimney emissions of 0,01 to 0,02 Curie per second = 370,000,000 Becquerel to 740 000 000 Becquerel per second – PER UNIT / REACTOR.
_ What is the benchmark, how much is a nuclear power plant allowed to emit?
According to radiation protection regulation nuclear facilities may not irradiate the general population with more than a maximum of 0,6 millisievert per year (0,3 millisievert through the air plus 0,3 millisievert through sewage). This is often misleadingly called a “30-millirem-concept”, using the unit millirem (which was used in the past). In order to estimate the dose of a nuclear power plant that causes (measurable) effects, operators of the facility and the licensing authorities calculate the effects of emissions on fictional local residents, the (a) so-called “reference man”. Hereby a number of more or less well-founded assumptions and realistic models are used – from dilution and spread of the exhaust gases to the living, eating and drinking habits of “reference man”. Which is, by the way, always a young, healthy, adult male. https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2013/06/08/pregnant-avoid-the-nuclear-power-plants/
The upper standard of gross emissions can be achieved: 0,05 Curie per second = 1 850 000 000 Becquerel per second – PER UNIT / REACTOR.
This makes 59,200,000,000,000,000 Becquerel per Year – PER UNIT / REACTOR.
Worldwide this makes: 23,680,000,000,000,000,000 per Year for ALL operating Reactors, EACH YEAR.
This is in ONE YEAR already 13 times the official Emission for Chernobyl (50 million curie) the IAEA has calculated. In ONE year.
Independent sources say the Chernobyl emission was more than 5 billion curie, or 185,000,000,000,000,000,000 becquerel.
Let’s compare the radioactive emissions from the reactors with the Bomb Tests, with a quote from the CTBTO, which operates the global radiation detection network:
“A number of underground tests were also carried out from September 1957, with all testing going underground after 1962. “Storax Sedan” was part of the Operation Plowshare programme to investigate the use of nuclear weapons for peaceful purposes such as mining. It caused more radioactive fallout contamination than any other nuclear explosion conducted in the United States. Detonated on 6 July 1962, Sedan released roughly 880,000 curies of Iodine 131 into the atmosphere.”
That is only the Iodine: 32,560,000,000,000,000 becquerel.
“The total amount of plutonium-239 released to the atmosphere as a result of the 23 atmospheric nuclear tests is estimated at 3,300 curies, approximately 48 kilograms in weight. One millionth of a gram of plutonium-239 can cause cancer if inhaled. The amount of plutonium-239 still contained within the Lop Nor site in 1991 as a result of underground nuclear testing was estimated by IPPNW as 1,800 curies (25 kilograms). A further two million curies of caesium-137 and 1.3 million curies of strontium-90 were released into the atmosphere.” https://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/the-effects-of-nuclear-testing/the-united-states-nuclear-testing-programme/
and: “According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the tests in the Marshall Islands released 6.3 billion curies (See Chart 2) of I-131 alone, which is 42 times the amount released by atmospheric nuclear testing in Nevada.”
But it can be again compared to a SINGLE REACTOR (remember the 16,000,000,000 becquerel inventory of each reactor) – this time with a Spent Fuel Pool: http://www.nirs.org/factsheets/routineradioactivereleases.htm
Let’s compare the bomb tests to reactor emissions (thanks Bob Farquar for all the data!)
“1952 – ‘Fox’ detonated atop a 300 foot (90m) tower on Yucca Flat area 4 at 11:59 GMT with a yield of 11 kilotons from the LANL device, a Mk-5, during Operation Tumbler-Snapper, releasing 1.6 million curies of Iodine-131 into the atmosphere. 28th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.0955, -116.1064″
“1953 – ‘Grable’ detonated 524 feet (160m) above Frenchman Flat area 5 at 15:30 GMT with a yield of 15 kilotons from the LANL device, a Mk-9 cannon shell, after being fired from a 280MM cannon during Operation Upshot-Knothole as part of a weapons effects test, releasing 2.1 million curies of Iodine-131 into the atmosphere. 42nd U.S. test. Coordinates: 36.793, -115.9156.”
1967 – Two hours and thirty minutes later at 15:00 GMT, ‘Knickerbocker’ detonated in a vertical shaft 2,069 feet (630m) beneath Pahute Mesa area U20 with a yield of 76 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Latchkey, causing a 5.54 magnitude ground shock and venting 110 curies of Xenon-133 over a period of 5.6 days during drill-back operations. 503rd U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.24789, -116.48106″
“1970 – ‘Hudson Moon’ detonated in a tunnel 1,386 feet (422m) beneath Rainier Mesa area U12 at 14:16 GMT with a yield of 9 kilotons from the LLNL device as part of a weapons effects test during Operation Mandrel, causing a 5.9 magnitude ground shock and venting 3 curies of Xenon-135 in an uncontrolled release lasting 20 hours. 651st U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.18256, -116.21427.”
“7.18256, -116.21427.– Forty-four minutes later at 15:00 GMT, ‘Flask-Green-1’, ‘Flask-Yellow-2’, and ‘Flask-Red-3’ detonated simultaneously at 15:00 GMT in separate but adjacent vertical shafts beneath Yucca Flat area U2 with varying yields from the three LLNL devices as part of a Project Plowshares fundamental research test on development of clean devices for hard rock excavation during Operation Mandrel, causing a 5.6 magnitude ground shock, creating a 974 foot (297m) diameter subsidence crater and venting 25,000 curies of Xenon-133 from surface ground zero pipes and cables. 652nd U.S. test.
‘Flask-Green-1’ coordinates: 37.11336, -116.06354 Depth: 1,735 feet (529m) Yield:”
“1957 – ‘Boltzman’ detonated atop a 490 foot (150m) tower on Yucca Flat area 7 at 11:55 GMT with a yield of 12 kilotons from the LANL weapons development device – an XW-40 lightweight boosted fission warhead – during the first test of Operation Plumbbob, releasing 1.9 million curies of Iodine-131 and Strontium-90 into the atmosphere. 87th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.0947, -116.0245.”
“1970 – ‘Piton-C’ detonated in a vertical shaft 330 feet (100m) beneath Yucca Flat area U9 at 11:45 GMT with a yield of 2.5 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Mandrel, causing a 4.2 magnitude ground shock and releasing 25,000 curies of effluents over a period of 2.4 hours from surface ground zero. 653rd U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.13842, -116.03079.”
“Fifteen minutes later at 12:00 GMT, ‘Piton-1’ and ‘Piton-2’ detonated simultaneously in separate 775 foot (236m) deep shafts beneath Yucca Flat area U9 with yields of 0.8 kilotons and <20 kilotons respectively from the two LLNL weapons development devices during Operation Mandrel, causing a 3.8 magnitude ground shock and venting >10 curies of Xenon from surface ground zero. 654th U.S. test.
‘Piton-1’ coordinates: 37.14393, -116.03349.
‘Piton-2’ coordinates: 37.14056, -116.03497″
“1963 – Two hours and 58 minutes later at 16:58 GMT, ‘Apshapa’ detonated in a vertical shaft 291 feet beneath Yucca Flat area U9 with a yield <20 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Storax, venting 4 curies of Xenon-133 from surface ground zero for a period of 25 minutes following detonation and for four hours during drill-back operations. 328th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.12459, -116.04092.”
“1968 – ‘Tub-A’, ‘Tub-B’, ‘Tub-C’, ‘Tub-D’, and ‘Tub-F’ detonated simultaneously in separate vertical shafts beneath Yucca Flat area U10 at varying depths with unspecified yields from the five LLNL weapons development devices during Operation Crosstie. ‘Tub-D’ vented 1,600 curies of Xenon and Krypton during gas sampling operations. 550th U.S. test.”
“1977 – ‘Carnelian’ detonated in a vertical shaft 682 feet (208m) beneath Yucca Flat area U4 at 14:07 GMT with a yield of 0.6 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Fulcrum, causing a 3.7 magnitude ground shock and venting 6.8 curies of Xenon-133 during drill-back operations. 814th U.S test. Coordinates: 37.09751, -116.09182″
“1957 – ‘Wheeler’ detonated beneath a tethered balloon 490 feet (150m) above Yucca Flat area B9 at 12:45 GMT with a yield of 0.197 kilotons (197 tons) from the LLNL weapons development device, an XW-51 air-to-air warhead progenitor, during Operation Plumbbob, venting 29,000 curies of Iodine-131 into the atmosphere. 107th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.1347, -116.0417″
“1962 – ‘Raritan’ detonated in a vertical shaft 516 feet (157m) beneath Yucca Flat area U9 at 17:00 GMT with a yield of 2 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Storax, leaving a 196 foot diameter subsidence crater and venting 1,200 curies of radiation for 8 hours during drill-back operations from the post-shot hole casing. 276th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.13026, -116.04561″
“1968 – ‘Noggin’ detonated in a vertical shaft 1,908 feet (581m) beneath Yucca Flat area U9 at 14:00 GMT with a yield of 120 kilotons from the LLNL weapons development device during Operation Bowline, causing a 5.6 magnitude ground shock, leaving a 984 foot (300m) diameter subsidence crater and venting 16 curies of Xenons over a period of 3 hours from the drill-back ventilation system. 574th U.S. test. Coordinates: 37.13597, -116.04824.”
Really there is no difference between a reactor and a bomb. Both emit damaging radionuclides into the world. The bomb only when it explodes, but the reactor explodes in slow motion each second! So slow it is called controlled chain reaction, but basically the same thing happens in it. While a normal reactor houses the radioactivity of 1,000 Hiroshima bombs, the “Spent” Fuel Pools even more!.
Not considered even is the emission of Krypton 85 (full decay time is 100 years) from Reactors. It is hold back in the Contaiment furing operation. But the fuel is then send as Spent Fuel to Reprocessing facilities, which release the Krypton from all the reactors fuel. From worldwide reactors where they get it.  So, in the end it IS emitted. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/193/4249/195.extract
The estimated emissions from a facility reprocessing and irradiating 1,400 tons reactor fuel per year is one million Curie TRITIUM (full decay time is 120 years) or 37,000,000,000,000,000 becquerel:

NFCNWCfrom ratical.org

some quotes, showing how the military industrial complex works:

“In 1974 the operators of the huge Savannah River weapons facility at Aiken, South Carolina, accidentally released some 435,000 curies of radioactive tritium in a single day—the largest single tritium emission ever reported in the U.S. Studies of the local water system show serious contamination, and there are preliminary indications of an escalated cancer rate among people living near the plant”


Cobalt 60 fabrication plants, for example, are allowed to expose the public to twenty times more radiation than a commercial reactor. Many of the small radiation by-product plants are also located in thickly populated areas. American Atomics sat just a few hundred yards from a trailer park, a church, a day-care center, a potato chip warehouse, several homes, and the central kitchen for the Tucson public school system. The plant regularly leaked large quantities of tritium gas into the atmosphere—285,000 curies of it in 1978 alone, according to company records. In September of that year a maintenance worker opened the wrong valve and sent into the Tucson air a single “puff” of twenty-one thousand curies, a sizable dose. The public was not informed.”

“In 1958 the military threw an entire atomic reactor vessel, containing thirty thousand curies of radiation, into the Atlantic. It later tried to retrieve the vessel, but could not find it”

FROM: http://www.nucleardemolition.com/Killing_Our_Own.pdf

A normal reactor houses 16 billion curie of radiation, or 1,000 hiroshima bombs.


Among all these radionuclices are some very damaging ones:
STRONTIUM: Worldwide deposition of strontium-90 through 1990: Keep in Mind: Per ton Uranium there is 836,0 gram (29,5oz) of Strontium 89 & 90. ONE gram Strontium 90 (0.035oz) has a specific activity of 5,300,000,000,000 Becquerel: KEEP THAT IN MIND, if you read somewhere: Only 0,5 g Strontium 90… The Becquerel counts! Full decay time is 285 years = 10 human generations… It mimics Calcium and can be measured in Baby teeth and bones, the most important home of stem cells http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/243453
CESIUM : “The relative risks for stillbirth and preliminary malformations are 0,5 – 2 % per 1000 becquerel of Cesium 137 in m² soil.” Page 33: http://www.tschernobylkongress.de/fileadmin/user_upload/pdfs/ScherbVoigt_fehlbildungen_fehlende_geburten.pdf by Dr. , Scherb, Institute of Biomathematics and Biometry Germany

Not the bombs on the launch pad irradiate us, the reactors do!

Protest against Nuclear weapons? Do you know what it is?
A distraction. To distract us away from the damage by Nuclear Energy. Not true? Look at only ONE reactor. A normal commercial reactor houses the radioactivity of 1,000 nuclear bombs, or 16 billion curie. And it emits each second parts of it.
Yes, there are two types of nuclear weapons. The one sitting on its launch pad or in the silo / sub. The other type of nuclear weapon is decelerated (controlled chain reaction) and produces electricity and cancer. Now look at the one dimensional protest movement again, It should read: DISARM the NUCLEAR REACTORS!

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Dr. Ernest J. Sternglass (born 1923, Berlin) is an emeritus professor at the University of Pittsburgh and Director of the Radiation and Public Health Project. He is an American physicist and author, best known for his controversial research on the health risks of low-level radiation from atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons and from nuclear power plants. This is  his study “Infant Mortality Changes Following the Three Mile Island Accident,” from 1980: http://atomichistory.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/sternglass_infantmortalitytmi.pdf

Go on the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd9.html click on: I Agree, do a search, 1979, 1980, PA / Pennsylvania…

11/92 interview with Dr. Ernest J. Sternglass, author of Secret Fallout: http://www.ratical.org/radiation/inetSeries/ejs1192.html

TO THREE-MILE ISLAND as a full PDF FILE: http://www.nucleardemolition.com/SF.pdf

and: sternglass fallout and sat scores evidence for cognitive damage during early infancy phi delta kappa april 1983 http://www.jstor.org/pss/20386800

No wonder the NRC staff did not want to let the public know that they knew exactly in which direction the most radioactive clouds had moved, since this information could then be used to tie any later localized rises in fetal deaths, infant mortality, and cancer to the radioactive gas clouds from Three Mile Island. SOURCE: http://www.ratical.org/radiation/SecretFallout/SFchp18.html

media bought by atomic industry: http://www.nytimes.com/1995/08/02/business/cbs-accepts-bid-by-westinghouse-5.4-billion-deal.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

More insight:

quotes by: http://ratical.org/radiation/KillingOurOwn/KOO14.html

quote: “But the firing of Gordon MacLeod hardly ended the controversy over the health impact of the accident and how it had been handled. In November, Ernest Sternglass charged that figures from the nearby Harrisburg and Holy Spirit hospitals indicated that infant deaths there had doubled from six during February through April of 1979 to twelve in May through July. Only one infant had died at the Harrisburg Hospital in May through July of 1978; seven had died there in those same three months following the accident. The statistics seemed tragically reminiscent of the era of nuclear bomb testing. The NRC, the state, and the utility had all claimed–as had the AEC after so many atomic explosions–that radiation releases had been too small to have more than a very marginal health impact, if any at all. Sternglass asserted the authorities had failed to account for the extreme sensitivities of fetuses in utero in claiming a very marginal health impact from the accident’s releases…” Ernest Sternglass, “Infant Mortality Changes Following the Three Mile Island Accident,” presented at the 5th World Congress of Engineers and Architects, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1980

quote: “The charge that TMI had actually killed area infants provoked a storm of outrage from the government of Pennsylvania. The state responded–as it had at Shippingport six years earlier–that the official statistics Ernest Sternglass had used were, after all, inaccurate. Dr. George Tokuhata, director of the state’s Department of Epidemiological Research, said a “printing error” on the part of the U.S. Bureau of Vital Statistics had skewed the state’s infant-mortality figures. There were thus eighty-eight fewer infant deaths in Pennsylvania in the summer of 1979 than originally recorded.Sternglass, however, held his ground. Discrepancies between state and federal data are not uncommon. But this particular case seemed “suspicious.” The discrepancy in infant deaths between the two sources for the period of April 1 through June 30, 1979, had been two; from October 1 through December 31 it had also been two. For eighty-eight to surface between July 1 and September 30, precisely in the controversial summer months after the TMI accident, seemed unlikely.”
More about NRC: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2011/07/15/us-n-r-c-says-tritium-is-normal-reason-for-children-leukemia/

More about WHO / IAEA: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2011/07/19/how-the-iaea-actively-endangers-the-health-of-children/

Why low radiation (PETKAU EFFECT) is dangerous & how it works: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2011/03/14/low-radiation-the-petkau-effect/


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More quakes are expected.

Wind blowing Japan – USA


More Japan Information

More Chernobyl Information



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Warning to all pregnant women in Japan: Get away! 20 – 30 Km is not enough!

Children should stay in the flat during fallout, for 2 weeks! Or should be evacuated to southern Japan.


IAEA, UNCESCO, ICRP: Playing down radiation in Fukushima and Chernobyl is scientifically valid


All recommendations for radiation emssion out of atomic power plants are based on a healthy mature 34 / 35 year old human.

This is called REFERENCE MAN

But what happens if you do not take a mature human as a default for limit values.

What if you choose a HUMAN EMBRYO

The answer is ZERO. This is called REFERENCE EMBRYO.

PDF / Downloadable Review of Risks from Tritium. Report of the independent Advisory Group on Ionising Radiation HERE

and HERE <- How Tritium makes children sick (in German)

List of downloadable documents by Prof. Pflugbeil, Germany HERE

And this is why IAEA, WHO and ICRP close their eyes: HERE and HERE

More here and here

Press releases by operator TEPCO (offline March 13th 2011)

This is the Livestream of japanese NHK Broadcast. It is now offline. Here is the NEW one.

This is how a General Electric BWR reactor like Fukushima looks from the inside: PHOTOS

This is the webcam of Fukushima HERE – updated per hr. It is now online again. During the explosion of block 1, it was offline.

The pressure tank is not damaged, but the meltdown will do it.

This is the Wind map – Japan USA

Reference Embryo Information was sent to the Comission on Radiological Protection Germany (web) by the IPPNW (web) two weeks before xmas 2009. No decision yet.

What comes out of cooling towers at atomic power plants?

Steam PLUS Tritium (heavy water, Beta emitter)

In a radius of 5 – 10 km around every atomic power plant PREGNANT women’s embryos are exposed to that.

Around / before/ after the 10th pregnancy week Tritium / beta radiation harms the cell information, when inhaled and transported to the embryo itself. It does not cause a pregnancy abortion, mind you. But after the child is born, and let’s say 2, 3 years are gone, this child is likely to get blood cancer.You should ask your gynecologist about this and leave the area if you want to have a child.

The atomic power plant operators publish only averages of Tritium emissions. This convincing, with those numbers it is possible the camouflage high emissions or even accidents. You can not rely on that.

Dr. Ian Fairlie is an independent scientist who researches on this sector. More HERE

Read all about it HERE and HERE, in the German KiKK Study – released by the Federal Radation Agency (web HERE) in 2007. Children living in a 5 km radius around German atomic power plants do have a higher cancer risc. It is scientific and confirmed in professional circles.

Explosion in Fukushima 1 confirmed SOURCE

After the 8.9 earthquake on March 11th 2011, 3000 people have been evacuated living around the atomic power plant Fukushima. The emergency cooling system was running on battery mode.

Fukushima Nr.2 (12 km from Nr.1) is now also without cooling system. The Government evacuates everyone within 20 miles. Chernobyl was and is 30 miles – because 30 miles zone was used during the atomic bomb tests in the U.S. 30 miles is pretty useless, because the wind blows the radioactivity thousands of miles away.


Photos 1 and Photos 2 (Before and after)

In June 2008 Fukushima was also damaged by an earthquake and fire HERE

In July 2007 there was a fire in the Kashiwazaki atomic power plant HERE

TOSHIBA announced In June 2008 that they want to build 65 new atomic reactors SOURCE the Stocks of TOSHIBA went DOWN on March 15th 2011 by 20%.

When an accident happens (an atomic reactor crash, for example) the whole point of Status Quo is that the people are contaminated with radiation.

By the ALARA principle you have to prove that the money you are going to spent to lower the radiation exposure does advance peoples health.

Read about it HERE (ALARA, ICRP and atomic reactor CRASH)

Now, after radioactive steam has built up – and the operators released it, the pressure has built up one and a half the time allowed (yesterday).

The reactor is built for a quake of 8.25. The latest quake was 8.9.

Japan plans to build 14 new atomic reactors until 2030. They already have 54.

The radioactivity has risen one thousand times. Backup generators are not working. SOURCE

Japan was hit by another quake of 6.6 afterwards.

Atomic power is a big risc for everyone. It is not safe.

There is no peaceful atom.

WHO and IAEA are going to ignore the consequnces of the atomic power plant catastrophe in Japan:

from independentwho.info:

The World Health Organisation (WHO) is failing in its duty to protect the victims of radioactive contamination.

Daily messurements for the Federal Agency for Radiation Protection Germany

Fukushima [map] reactor building1 is completely destroyed, Meltdown has begun. 03/11/11  Source

11 atomic reactors were shut down, five of them were allowed to spread radioactive water steam. 03/11/11

3 people in Kyodo are contaminated. Myagi [map] is contaminated 03/12/11

160 people are contaminated. Reactor 3 is out of control. 03/13/11

Emergency at Onagawa [map] atomic power plant . 03/13/11

Eruption at Shinmoedake vulcano [map] . 03/13/11

Cooling system offline at Tokai [map] atomic power plant. 03/13/11

210,000 people flee the area of Fukushima. 03/13/11

Explosion in Fukushima reactor 3. 11 people wounded. Radiation rising. 03/14/11

Cooling system in Fukushima reactor 2 offline. 03/14/11

Seawater is pumped into Fukushima reactor 2, but it the water level drops. 03/14/11

Fueling rods of Fukushima reactor 2 are without water. Meltdown warning for three of four reactors. 03/14/11

5 workers radiation exposed, two wounded at Fukushima reactor 1. And the reactor is without cooling water again. 03/14/11

WHO tells the people that there is no harm to health. READ HERE WHY. 03/14/11

Big explosion in Ibaraki reactor 2 between Tokio and Fukushima. 03/15/11

Fukshima fuel rods 1 seem to melt. 03/15/11

Fukushima reactor 4 burning. 03/15/11

Radiation nine times higher in Tokio. 03/15/11

Fukushima: 400 milli sievert per hour acc. to IAEA. 03/15/11

Condition of the 50 workers at Fukushima unknown. 03/15/11

Flight ban over Fukushima. 03/15/11

Increased radation at U.S. naval personnel. 03/15/11

Yukio Edano: Cooling of Fukushima reactor 5 and 6 faulty. 03/15/11

Prefecture Yamagata has shelters. 03/15/11

Water in decay pool of Fukushima is boiling. 03/15/11

According to French atomic agency Fukushima is INES 6 (Chernobyl was INES 7) Source. Japan gives it a 4. 03/15/11

Radiation to high for workers at Fukushima plant. 03/15/11  Source

Helicopters shall drop water above Fukushima. 03/15/11

Helicopters stopped – too dangerous because of high radiation. 03/16/11

No water in cooling pond of Fukushima reactor 4. 03/16/11

U.S. says Japan must install a 80 km evac zone, not only 30 km. 03/16/11

Temperatures rise in Fukushima reactor 5 and 6. 03/16/11

Japan will stop selling food from Fukushima region.  Spinach and milk are contaminated. 03/19/11

Tochigi region: Spinach high contaminated. 03/19/11

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