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checherov-imanaka

Written by Lars-Erik de Geer, Swedish Defense Research Agency, CTBTO (!), and University of Stockholm, and Meterological Insitute. Published also in

Nuclear Technology Volume 200, 2017

 

“The first explosion consisted of thermal neutron mediated nuclear explosions in one or rather a few fuel channels, which caused a jet of debris that reached an altitude of some 2500 to 3000 m. The second explosion would then have been the steam explosion most experts believe was the first one.”

SOURCE: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00295450.2017.1384269

Nuclear Technology 1990

“Two different models of the nuclear explosions are known. According to Checherov, the core of the Chernobyl reactor transformed to a turbo-jet solid-phase engine after a very short initial overheating of fuel. It flied like a missile from the reactor vault to the central reactor hall by the hydrodynamic forces of gas-phase streams flushing down from the fuel channels. Then it exploded as an atomic bomb in the spaceof the central hall.” source:http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr79/kr79pdf/Malko1.pdf

SOURCE: http://life-upgrade.com/DATA/Artikel%20zu%20Tschernobyl%20in%20Nuclear%20Technology%20Vol%2090.pdf

The Chernobyl Core was 190 tons of Uranium Oxide UO².

Each Kg consisted of 2,4 g of Uranium 235. To make the reactor work. This is the situation in each reactor worldwide. To get it run, beginning of life fuel needs this. After a certain period there is Plutonium in the reactor. For Chernobyl it makes 450 Kg Pu239 all together in both halves of the Core.

Ca. 250 Kg Pu239 in normal reactors. With smaller cores. The core was split in two halves, together 10 m length. An electromechanical experiment was started.

Purpose: Could a tripped generator maintain the electrical feed to the main circulation pumps during generator coast down?

Reactivity was reduced.

Security System was blocked, so was the >automatic< scram.

Both turbo generators were shut down.

The behaviour of Chernobyl is similiar to Fast Breeder Reactors (Sodium / lead cooled), also in terms of void coefficient.

The loss of pumping power induced by the experiment caused a rapid fail in pressure, so the water began to boil, at the bottom of the reactor and even at the inlet of the water! The reactor was unstable.

The crew pushed the button of the Emergency Protection System:

The water lies between the moderator (graphite) and the fuel. It captures thermal neutrons. It is more like a neutron shield than an additional moderator. The energy once stored in the fuel was transferred to the coolant.

It continued to boil and saturate and steam and water met very hot surfaces:

So the first explosion occurred and set the reactor dry – this can be described as steam / hydrogen explosion, BUT that was not was the reactor destroyed. Not, what the reactor lid has thrown aside, not what destroyed the reactor hall.

The first explosion had an energy of 200 Gigajoules. All water was expelled from the reactor. All fuel channels became dry. And Water was pushed back into the inlet and the steam drum seperators.

A DRY reactor heats up 100°C (180°F) evey 0,1 seconds! At the same time nuclear reactions take place, NEUTRONS – just below the speed of light. No chance for Reactor Emergency Systems.

The Doppler Effect was saturated. Phase transition was faster than the heating. NO MELTDOWN.

You would need “only” 50 Gigajoules to boil all that water.

Xenon build up. The reactor poisoned itself. But that was not the main cause for the next events:

The Void Coefficient increased. More than 5 $. This is higher than the total antireactivity of the Doppler effect.

A final supercritical state was achieved – This is nothing else than a nuclear Explosion / reaction of the Reactor Type. This principle is known since the first graphite gas cooled reactors were build.

NRC official:http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML0716/ML071690245.pdf 

Fuel Disaggregation requires very high energy: More than 250 Gigajoules.

The crew pushed the Scram Button AZ5. Control rods moved it. They needed 10 seconds, which took much too long. Only a small number of them reached the core.

2 seconds later the Nuclear Explosion / Reaction occurred. This one was 1,000 Gigajoules = 1 Terrajoule. This is the equivalent of 200 – 300 Tons of TNT, or just the yield of a U.S. nuclear W54 warhead.

This nuclear warhead existed and was actually tested. It`s yield: 250 Tons TNT, or, in other words: 1,12 Terrajoule. Exactly the amount of Energy Chernobyl`s two explosions had (one setting the core dry, the other destroying it):

LINK of the 250 tons (0,25 kilotons TNT) Warhead:http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-26.html

The U.S. NUREG-1250 report, the official U.S. analyses says in Figure 4.3: 1,400 calories energy were deposited into each gram of reactor fuel UO². That is exactly the 1 Terrajoule: http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML0716/ML071690245.pdf

The fuel was damaged. Each explosion took 1 second.

It included Shock Waves, Cladding rupture, Fuel fragmentation, Phase transition, and as an eye witness said, a blue flash.

The fuel can become vaporized (official NRC data see above).

If 65 % of the fuel is smeared that means the reactor is prompt supercritical = Nuclear explosion / reaction. This is called bigger than 1 $.

The total power of the reactor at the time of its destruction was 47,000 % over normal.

This all happened in 1 second.

Fast neutron reactions happen 1,000 times faster than any chemical or physical reaction.

A steam explosion was not possible anymore. At high temperatures steam ionizes into hydrogen and oxygen. Both do not explode at temperatures above 2,000 / 2,100°C:

Reaching 4,000 – 5,000°C these temperatures were no longer chemical, they were nuclear. Officials tell us: “Chernobyl was a hydrogen / steam explosion” – maybe the first one. But with the heating up, it became too hot for these kind of explosions. Don Arnott (below) said: At these temperaturessteam ionizes and dissociates into the gases oxygen and hydrogen. These detonating gases do not explode above 2,000 / 2,100 °C (all CELSIUS).

The phase transition Uranium Oxide core flew like a turbo jet engine into the air, ca. 20 – 30 m above the central hall and exploded in a nuclear explosion of the reactor type. The temperatures reached at this moment: 40,000°C.

But the Temperature of the Chernobyl nuclear explosion was 100,000 times lower (10,000,000%) than the nuclear explosion of the bomb type.

No water has enough thermal conductivity for that.

This exceeds every safety system human can design and build.

The not welded lid has a weight of 2,000 tons. It was superheated during the explosion and neutron activity. It was seen from the helicopter crew and IAEA as well as soviet officials misinterpreted it as fuel in melting process. Steel glows cherry red at Temperatures 770°C to 800°C and yellow at Temperatures 1,150°C to 1,250°C.

The paint is also still there. It survive a max. Temp. of 300°C.

The thermal observation showed no melting process and no graphite fire.

IAEA says 96% of the fuel is still in the reactor. But it is not.

In September 1986 126 tons of graphite and 26 tons of fuel were removed from roofs at Chernobyl plant site.

If much Boron is used in western reactors, similar over moderated situations can happen.

Western reactors avoid explosions, via cooking and steaming the reactor cores and letting the aerolized inventory fly through thesafety relief valves (SRVs). It`s like a pressure cooker.

NUREG 1250 also speaks of “aerolized” fuel particles after phase transition, on page 6-7.

The industry simply avoids the term “nuclear explosion in a reactor” and simply calls it: “prompt critical excursion.” That`s all.

“an average operating nuclear power reactor will have approximately 16 billion curies in its reactor core. This is the equivalent long-lived radioactivity of at least 1,000 Hiroshima bombs.”http://www.nirs.org/factsheets/routineradioactivereleases.htm

A steam explosion can not develop 1,2 Terrajoule. Steam explosion’s Maxium -> 50 Gigajoules. But the explosionlifted the 2,000 tons lid away, and then even destroyed the reactor hall! How powerful is that. Only a maximum of 10 to 50 Gigajoule of Energy are possible by a Steam explosion in Chernobyl – it was the water expelled from Reactor 4.

Source: http://books.google.de/books?id=vgwAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA65#v=onepage&q&f=false

Other sources say: H. van Dam. says: “900 Gigajoules”:http://iopscience.iop.org/0034-4885/55/11/00

Yes: 1,400 Cal/gm (calories per gram) are 1,1 Terrajoules = equivalent of 0,2 – 0,3 Kilotons TNT.

There was not enough water, power in water, to create so a high energy explosion, for the 2nd one. This was nuclear.

W54 nuclear warhead is the energy yield equivalent of Chernobyl explosion (0,2 – 0,3 KT TNT).

AN Kiselev, Chernobyl, 1986, block 3: “Power of gamma radiation from a channel, lying on the roof of the third block measured by Zherdev was 2 Sievert per Hour (the limit of the measuring range of the instrument DP-5V ) at a distance of three meters” / “we had to work in an environment where radiation levels could exceed the 10 Sievert per Hour and even higher” / “As soon as the rotary drill bit to the fuel clusters, fuel chips along with the water got into the room , and immediately dramatically increased gamma-ray background” / “Biological protection of the camera has been redesigned in accordance with the requirements of radiation safety.” / “On the tube sites were about 15-20 tons of fuel. On the roof lay the whole fuel assemblies. Approximate weight of 300-350 kg each.The rate per person was calculated by removing 50 kg of graphite or 10-15 kg pieces of fuel rod.” / “the total amount of fuel in the lava-like clusters is within 20 % of the entire nuclear fuel that the reactor had at the time of the accident.”

“Checherov analyzed all the reports and minutes of the Integrated expedition with measurements and calculations. The analysis estimated the amount of fuel made on the basis of thermal measurements showed that this estimate was based on assumptions that do not reflect the real picture of the thermal situation in unit 4, and secondly, were based on experiments that are not based on reliable measurements, and voluntarist declarations of expenditure thermal parameters experimentally recorded variations of which varies in the range of up to two orders of magnitude.” / “The maximum thickness of the fuel accumulation , measured on the spot and recorded on the film is 0.5 meters , and if you increase the thickness of the layer 8 times, then this cluster should have a thickness of 4 meters.” / “At the time of the accident in the reactor core were 1,659 fuel channels withg 190,257 kilograms of uranium or its kg Uranium Oxide (UO2).”

“where, how much and in what state the nuclear fuel ?” / “Our reports of fuel found in the Unit 4 was several times smaller, but the debate as to why such differences exist and where the truth is – was not gebated in this symposium” / “regardless of the fact that the reactor vault is empty and you can not see this amount of fuel and the amount of such fuel just could not fit in the observed areas, those who were there and personally saw it with their own eyes the empty space – you can not convince the others that there are not huge amount of fuel as declared by those who have not been there ” / ” it turns out that the minimum found fuel is 53 % of the fuel, and if we accept the second version, you still have to find the 91%!http://www.souzchernobyl.org/?section=31&id=563

We are fooled by IAEA and soviet agencies since 1986!

b) What you see here in this video is NOT the fuel melting, because it was thrown completely out by a force of 1,2 terrajule (0,2 – 0,3 KT TNT)  and it is NOT graphite fire, there was none according to a heat photo scanner Checherov used shortly after the explosions. What you see  is the 2,000 tons reactor lid, that was thrown aside and is GLOWING because of HEAT, it was so hot, that itturned from Red (770 – 800°C) into Yellow (1150 – 1250°C). The helicopter crew did not survive. Interivew with above Infos: Constantine Checherov – Senior Researcher of the Kurchatov Institute – one of the first people who visited the reactor hall after the explosion. He does not believe that the explosion of Chernobyl in ’86 exploded was hydrogen. It was a nuclear
explosion scattered hundreds of tons of radioactive fuel around the station:http://www.novayagazeta.ru/society/6095.html

This is from an article of Mr. Kiselev, who was with Checherov INSIDE Chernobyl 4 where the fuel WAS, many many times. “The most significant work in its results was the work of the neutron research laboratory in the past year by VI Morozov. They compiled and analyzed its neutron measurements, which were carried out in the 4th block of Chernobyl nuclear power plant within a few years and determined the concentration of uranium dioxide in more than hundred samples of lava-like fuel-containing masses… After the publication of the work, where on the basis of direct measurements determined the amount of lava-like fuel-containing material (and the results of radiochemical and neutron research) determined the concentration of uranium dioxide in the samples of these masses: the number of detected nuclear fuel in the fourth block does not exceed 20% of all fuel… Research continued: 1991 results were: 23 +/- 7 tons of uranium dioxide – then 1992 research results reduced it to 11,6 +/- 1.9 tons, and direct measurements gave the result of 3,75 +/- 0.6 tons… All reports are published in separate editions, and the magazine “Atomic Energy” published several articles on the subject. The scientific community did not react to it.. the reactor pit is empty, and in under-reactor premises can not be seen such quantities of fuel, and such fuel volumes simply could not fit in the observed areas, and those who were there and personally saw with their own eyes the empty space are impossible to convince that there are huge amounts of fuel, which is proclaimed by those who have not been there… There is a total absence of an active zone in the reactor pit (!)… ”
http://www.souzchernobyl.org/?section=31&id=563

Info from Interview with Checherov:http://www.novayagazeta.ru/society/6095.html

So, why a new sarcophagus? Chernobyl as you have read released so much radioactivity as a whole nuclear war.

Chernobyl irradiated the whole European Continent – even pro nuclear UNSCEAR clearly admits that (although their numbers are from the textbook). http://www.unscear.org/docs/JfigXI.pdf

To understand the principle of the nuclear explosion of the reactor, and unmask probably the biggest lie in technological history of human history, just have a look at this:

– Chernobyl was a nuclear explosion

No containment can keep such a explosion

– The weight of the reactor lid was 2,000 tons (NOT 1,000!) – important for energy calculation later below

– A containment would increase the yield of the explosion (pressure!)

– This principle is as old as the principle of man made nuclear fission:

From the book “History of the British nuclear industry” byMargaret Gowing, “Britain and Atomic Energy”, on page 382 the former  U.S. water-cooled graphite reactor at Hanford is described: “To be built in view of the risks of an accident, the reactor is at an isolated location. Because water absorbs neutrons, and when the water flow is interrupted and the control rods do not occur immediately in action, the water evaporates in the cooling system and can no longer absorb the neutrons . These neutrons were therefore available to increase the fission rate in the reactor, which is super critical with power. The temperature rises, the fuel evaporated and the radioactivity is spreading widely. “

On page 385 we find the position:
“The gas cooling is to avoid the risk of severe supercritical state …”

What is supercritical?

The knowledge of the danger of an atomic explosion that can occur in a water-cooled graphite-gas reactor, is as old as theprinciple of the reactor itself.

Safety Assessment Principle 152 requires ‘The containment should adequately contain such radioactive matter as may be released into it as a result of any fault in the reactor.’ Clearly if nuclear explosions are possible a licence should not be granted. LAST PAGE:http://www.spokesmanbooks.com/Spokesman/PDF/91Gifford.pdf

The number of fissions and the energy released quickly escalate, and if the process is unchecked, the result is a violent explosion. Reactions that multiply in this fashion are called chain reactions.”Quote from:http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/3313/3392670/blb2107.html

The critical mass in a reactor (even on a pro nucler site): “After pushing the AZ-5 button the emergency protection system added, according to calculations, about a ß of positive reactivity and created a local critical mass in the lower part of the core – resulting in a sharp increase of power there (see Figure 3) and the coming into play of the positive power coefficient of reactivity. The power in the lower part of the core rose to the level at which the fuel exploded and got dispersed.” quote Anatoly Dyatlov, former deputy engineer for operations at Chernobyl:http://www.neimagazine.com/features/featurehow-it-was-an-operator-s-perspective/

Chernobyl was build by ROSATOM – the ones who build a new reactor in Chernobyl irradiated Belarus, the ones who helped Iran with their nuclear reactors, and probably delievered Polonium 210 to kill Litvenenko in London.

The new sarcophagus is built to contain this dangerous truth. The truth that Chernobyl was emptied by a nuclear explosion (of the reactor type, not bomb type).

Who finances this new project? The “nuclear” banks.

Who supervises it? Former IAEA General Secretary Hans Blix. He said in 1986 in Le Monde: “A yearly Chernobyl is acceptable for the world…”

Chernobyl needs no sarcophagus, not today and not in 1986, because it was and is EMPTY. The establishment of a sarcophagus was crazy, senseless and deadly – But right now, they build the 2nd one. A new Containment for a dangerous truth.

The liquidators have not liquidated Chernobyl. The liquidators have liquidated themselves.

800,000 worked in the area. On site, as doctors, workers… but they worked in the Chernobyl Core – which was scattered everywhere. In microparticles. This means: Soviet officialsevacuated 130,000 civilans, but sent 800,000 into the irradiated areas!

Valery Legasov probably knew. BUT:

“Valery A. Legasov” – who was the first russian official who spoke about Chernobyl to the IAEA in 1986, and committed suicide. Before his death he made an audiotape, with untold facts about the Chernobyl explosion. Here are the abstracts of his tapes: “About the accident at Chernobyl” by Academician VA Legasov (text from the 4 cassettes) – in russian: http://www.life-upgrade.com/DATA/Legasov_V._Ob_Avarii_Na_Chernobiylsk.pdf

His 5 hours long speech at the IAEA 1996 meeting about Chernobyl was ignored: http://books.google.de/books?id=S-SsDtZG5WgC&pg=PA51&dq=new+scientist+valery+legasov&hl=de&ei=Lx_MTuu-BMaEOqb9uKYP&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

He knew about the insanity of sending liquidators to Chernobyl – he could not convince the IAEA and soviet officials. And decades later, Checherov – also from the same institute, indrectly supported the Legasov.

 

Some say a quake caused the Chernobyl catastrophe. But is the quake maybe the result of the  explosion – expressed as seismic data? Here is the seismis data from 1986, by soviet sources: http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr139/pdf/karpan.pdf

This is the NECK SHOT for the nuclear industry. But we failed, because we were blinded by the Meltdown Lie. And we are again blinded by TEPCO and IAEA. They have three empty reactors in Fukushima. They have no evidence where the fuel is. But call it Meltdown.

30 years dear readers. One human generation. One irradiated earth.

Often officials as former soviet Agencies, IAEA, NRC, UNSCEAR,tell the lie of a “hydrogen” or “steam” explosion. That is a lie. It comes from the textbook. Because otherwise reactors would get no licence to be built. They have to keep their inventory inside at all cost. The nuclear textbook is a template and experts push reality through it. The Officials lie about the temperature, or the weight of the reactor lid, or any other data, at least one of them. To downplay the nature of the explosion. But the reactor hall is no more. A fact. Plus the 2,000 tons reactor lid.

50 million Chernobyl curies? IAEA? “The pro-nuclear Time magazine reported in 1989 that perhaps “one billion or more” curies were released, rather than the 50 to 80 million estimated by Russian authorities.” Source:http://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/Chernobyl@10p2.html

All radiation maps, doses, emissions are from the text book – not from reality. 50 million curie are:1,850,000,000,000,000,000 Becquerel (1.85e+18) released by CHERNOBYL. A lie!

There is nearly NOTHING left in the Chernobyl 4 reactor! This is proven! 

Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois: 9 Billion Curie

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California: 4,5 Billion Curie

Source:http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6393/is_n3_v12/ai_n28692892/

1,85 1,85 1,85 1,85 1,85 1,85… Just remember this number ONE point EIGHT FIVE and the 50

let’s look at the Boiling Water Manual from GE, also for Fukushima:

page 73:

Each reactor releases 50 micro curie of radioactive gases: which is 1,850,000 becquerel PER SECOND!

There is the 50 and the 1,85 again!

It’s all from the textbook!

It’s not the reality!

Can you control atoms?

>>>> A normal reactor releases 1,850,000 becquerel per second.Multiply it with x 10 = 18,500,000 becquerel – these are also the offical MAXIMUM LEVELS of radionuclide activity in the exclusion Chernobyl zone in Belarus (from the 1995 Belarus NATIONAL Report).

The sarcophagus is supposed to enclose the truth and protect the lies.

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What is CLEAN in Japan?

In Japan, if something is irradiated with 8,000 becquerel per Kilogram, it is reused, in public places, for streets, for example: http://natureflow1.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-565.html

What is CLEAN in BELARUS?

Any area, which is irradiated with 7,400 becquerel per m² is clean:

7400_becquerel_clean

And what is CLEAN?

Dr, Scherb, Institute of Biomathematics and Biometry Germany: “The relative risks for stillbirth and preliminary malformations are 0,5 – 2 % per 1000 becquerel of Cesium 137 in m² soil.” Page 33: http://www.tschernobylkongress.de/fileadmin/user_upload/pdfs/ScherbVoigt_fehlbildungen_fehlende_geburten.pdf

“The most important consideration is the generally accepted value judgment that early embryonic losses are of little personal or social concern.” Dr R. Mole, 1979, a member of ICRP – The international committee which makes the dose limits. http://bjr.birjournals.org/content/52/614/89

“possible scale of lost or impaired children after Chernobyl in all of Europe and the part of Asia covered – Missing Children: 2,5 Million.” PAGE 34 http://life-upgrade.com/DATA/RIGEinEuroandCNPPc.pdf

What I predicted 3 years ago: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2014/01/29/japan-look-at-belarus-the-change-in-irradiated-soils/

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Dear Readers,

here is the final coffin nail for the Atomic Cancer Industry. No peaceful atom, atomic explosions of the “reactor type” are possible:

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00295450.2017.1384269

quote:

“The first explosion consisted of thermal neutron mediated nuclear explosions in one or rather a few fuel channels, which caused a jet of debris that reached an altitude of some 2500 to 3000 m. The second explosion would then have been the steam explosion most experts believe was the first one.”

Written by Lars-Erik de Geer, Swedish Defense Research Agency, CTBTO (!), and University of Stockholm, and Meterological Insitute.

Published also in “Nuclear Technology Volume 200, 2017”

And guess what, 37 years before, a similar hard to get article by spanish scientists was published, here it is:

http://life-upgrade.com/DATA/Artikel%20zu%20Tschernobyl%20in%20Nuclear%20Technology%20Vol%2090.pdf

That’s why Chernobyl is COMPLETEY EMPTY!

And that’s why Chernobyl is everywhere, just one of 10 half lifes (full decay time) is “gone”: France stopps Chernobyl mushrooms https://news.sky.com/story/chernobyl-blamed-for-radiation-found-on-mushrooms-being-imported-into-france-11150612

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion06

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion10

2 seconds later the Nuclear Explosion / Reaction occurred. This one was 1,000 Gigajoules = 1 Terrajoule. This is the equivalent of 200 – 300 Tons of TNT, or just the yield of a U.S. nuclear W54 warhead.

chernobyl-summary

This nuclear warhead existed and was actually tested. It`s yield: 250 Tons TNT, or, in other words: 1,12 Terrajoule. Exactly the amount of Energy Chernobyl`s two explosions had (one setting the core dry, the other destroying it):

LINK of the 250 tons (0,25 kilotons TNT) Warhead:http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-26.html

And there is Constantine Checherov, who passed away 2011, and was 1,500 times IN the Reactor, in the Reactor Vault (!), who said this:

ram-cherno

The phase transition Uranium Oxide core flew like a turbo jet engine into the air, ca. 20 – 30 m above the central hall and exploded in a nuclear explosion of the reactor type. The temperatures reached at this moment: 40,000°C.

But the Temperature of the Chernobyl nuclear explosion was 100,000 times lower (10,000,000%) than the nuclear explosion of the bomb type.

“Two different models of the nuclear explosions are known. According to, the core of the Chernobyl reactor transformed to a turbo-jet solid-phase engine after a very short initial overheating of fuel. It flied like a missile from the reactor vault to the central reactor hall by the hydrodynamic forces of gas-phase streams flushing down from the fuel channels. Then it exploded as an atomic bomb in the spaceof the central hall.” source:http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr79/kr79pdf/Malko1.pdf

MORE: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/nuclear-explosion-emptied-chernobyl-concealed-by-the-nuclear-industry/

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Monkeys, Brains and TEPCO radiation:

“The effects associated with long-term low-dose radiation exposure on fetuses are among the many health concerns. Children born to atomic bomb survivors from Hiroshima and Nagasaki showed low birth weight, high rates of microcephaly, and reduced intelligence due to abnormal brain development. Experiments with pregnant mice or rats and radiation exposure had been reported to cause low birth weight, microcephaly or both. We identified one similar study on wild animals, which reported that the brains of birds captured in the vicinity of the Chernobyl NPP weighted lower compared to those of birds captured elsewhere.” https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-03866-8

quoted also on pro nuclear FORBES: https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2017/10/30/three-ways-radiation-has-changed-the-monkeys-of-fukushima-a-warning-for-humans/#7f0f60a465ea

Dr. Shin-ichi Hayama seems to refuse to link radiation and brain / head growth development. although it is known for decades, although at the same time he shows a connection. This is the typical scientific behavior. Calling their own studies myth.

Birds, Brains, and ROSATOM Chernobyl Radiation:

“Impaired brain development is linked to oxidative stress because of the high lipid content of brains. Large-brained individuals must be capable of continuously supplying the brain with high levels of oxygen for neuronal ion pumping, synthesis of neurotransmitters and protection from toxic compounds. This makes brain maintenance a highly oxidizing process that requires large amounts of antioxidants, in particular glutathione. Therefore, any environment with low antioxidant levels and/or high rates of use of antioxidants will provide a challenge to normal brain development.” http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0016862

Humans, Brains and US Reactors Radiation:

“mental retardation in children exposed to radiation during the fifth to 15th weeks of their mother’s pregnancy. Radiation kills brain cells, causing both an underdeveloped brain [microcephaly] and mental retardation” https://ratical.org/radiation/NAvictims.html

quoted also on semi pro nuclear NATURE: http://www.nature.com/articles/srep16594

No impact on Science

No impact on UN / WHO / IAEA / UNSCEAR / ICRP / Health Policy / Energy Policy

Genetic damage excluded
All health damage excluded
Environment damage excluded
Subsidies excluded

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/04/01/national/real-cost-fukushima-disaster-will-reach-%C2%A570-trillion-triple-governments-estimate-think-tank/

 

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From 1989:

 

His studies:

checherov-imanaka

image from: http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/seminar/IS/Imanaka20120627.pdf

“Checherov analyzed all the reports and minutes of the Integrated expedition with measurements and calculations. The analysis estimated the amount of fuel made on the basis of thermal measurements showed that this estimate was based on assumptions that do not reflect the real picture of the thermal situation in unit 4, and secondly, were based on experiments that are not based on reliable measurements, and voluntarist declarations of expenditure thermal parameters experimentally recorded variations of which varies in the range of up to two orders of magnitude.” / “The maximum thickness of the fuel accumulation , measured on the spot and recorded on the film is 0.5 meters , and if you increase the thickness of the layer 8 times, then this cluster should have a thickness of 4 meters.” / “At the time of the accident in the reactor core were 1,659 fuel channels withg 190,257 kilograms of uranium or its kg Uranium Oxide (UO2).

AN Kiselev, Chernobyl, 1986, block 3: “Power of gamma radiation from a channel, lying on the roof of the third block measured by Zherdev was 2 Sievert per Hour (the limit of the measuring range of the instrument DP-5V ) at a distance of three meters” / “we had to work in an environment where radiation levels could exceed the 10 Sievert per Hour and even higher” / “As soon as the rotary drill bit to the fuel clusters, fuel chips along with the water got into the room , and immediately dramatically increased gamma-ray background” / “Biological protection of the camera has been redesigned in accordance with the requirements of radiation safety.” / “On the tube sites were about 15-20 tons of fuel. On the roof lay the whole fuel assemblies. Approximate weight of 300-350 kg each. The rate per person was calculated by removing 50 kg of graphite or 10-15 kg pieces of fuel rod.” / “the total amount of fuel in the lava-like clusters is within 20 % of the entire nuclear fuel that the reactor had at the time of the accident.”

“where, how much and in what state the nuclear fuel ?” / “Our reports of fuel found in the Unit 4 was several times smaller, but the debate as to why such differences exist and where the truth is – was not gebated in this symposium” / “regardless of the fact that the reactor vault is empty and you can not see this amount of fuel and the amount of such fuel just could not fit in the observed areas, those who were there and personally saw it with their own eyes the empty space – you can not convince the others that there are not huge amount of fuel as declared by those who have not been there ” / ” it turns out that the minimum found fuel is 53 % of the fuel, and if we accept the second version, you still have to find the 91%!http://www.souzchernobyl.org/?section=31&id=563

This is from an article of Mr. Kiselev, who was with Checherov INSIDE Chernobyl 4 where the fuel WAS, many many times. “The most significant work in its results was the work of the neutron research laboratory in the past year by VI Morozov. They compiled and analyzed its neutron measurements, which were carried out in the 4th block of Chernobyl nuclear power plant within a few years and determined the concentration of uranium dioxide in more than hundred samples of lava-like fuel-containing masses… After the publication of the work, where on the basis of direct measurements determined the amount of lava-like fuel-containing material (and the results of radiochemical and neutron research) determined the concentration of uranium dioxide in the samples of these masses: the number of detected nuclear fuel in the fourth block does not exceed 20% of all fuel… Research continued: 1991 results were: 23 +/- 7 tons of uranium dioxide – then 1992 research results reduced it to 11,6 +/- 1.9 tons, and direct measurements gave the result of 3,75 +/- 0.6 tons… All reports are published in separate editions, and the magazine “Atomic Energy” published several articles on the subject. The scientific community did not react to it.. the reactor pit is empty, and in under-reactor premises can not be seen such quantities of fuel, and such fuel volumes simply could not fit in the observed areas, and those who were there and personally saw with their own eyes the empty space are impossible to convince that there are huge amounts of fuel, which is proclaimed by those who have not been there… There is a total absence of an active zone in the reactor pit (!)… ”
http://www.souzchernobyl.org/?section=31&id=563

the Temperature of the Chernobyl nuclear explosion was 100,000 times lower (10,000,000%) than the nuclear explosion of the bomb type.

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion33

“Two different models of the nuclear explosions are known. According to, the core of the Chernobyl reactor transformed to a turbo-jet solid-phase engine after a very short initial overheating of fuel. It flied like a missile from the reactor vault to the central reactor hall by the hydrodynamic forces of gas-phase streams flushing down from the fuel channels. Then it exploded as an atomic bomb in the spaceof the central hall.” source: http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr79/kr79pdf/Malko1.pdfchernobyl-nuclear-explosion34

The thermal observation showed no melting process and no graphite fire.

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chernobyl-nuclear-explosion34b

chernobyl4

IAEA says 96% of the fuel is still in the reactor. But it is not.

In September 1986 126 tons of graphite and 26 tons of fuel were removed from roofs at Chernobyl plant site.

If much Boron is used in western reactors, similar over moderated situations can happen.

Western reactors avoid explosions, via cooking and steaming the reactor cores and letting the aerolized inventory fly through the safety relief valves (SRVs). It`s like a pressure cooker.

NUREG 1250 also speaks of “aerolized” fuel particles after phase transition, on page 6-7.

The industry simply avoids the term “nuclear explosion in a reactor” and simply calls it: “prompt critical excursion.” That`s all.

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion35

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion36

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“an average operating nuclear power reactor will have approximately 16 billion curies in its reactor core. This is the equivalent long-lived radioactivity of at least 1,000 Hiroshima bombs.” http://www.nirs.org/factsheets/routineradioactivereleases.htm

chernobyl-nuclear-explosion39

Vladimir M. Chernousenko, Scientific Director of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences  Institute of Physics in Kiev’s Task Force for the  Rectification of the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident- HE SAID:

“Radiation emission was no less that 80% of the core (with a total of 192 tons), which amounted to 6.4 x 10^9 Ci (Ci = Curie = 37,000,000,000 becquerel) If we divide the figure by the population of the whole earth (4.6 x 10^9 people) then we get 1 Ci per person.”

http://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/ChernobylIftI.html

“15m³ of radioactive substances emitted from Block 4 at this time could be diluted in 15 x 5 x 10,000,000,000,000 km³ if water, In 100 years 15,000 km³ would be needed. In 1,000 years 15 km³ would be the required amount. For comparsion: the total outflow of the world`s rivers is 36,380 km³.” Dilution is just another word for retransmission. More radiation for everyone.

 

My summary: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/nuclear-explosion-emptied-chernobyl-concealed-by-the-nuclear-industry/

 

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Link: http://www.mk.ru/social/2017/04/25/kak-ubivali-akademika-legasova-kotoryy-provel-sobstvennoe-rassledovanie-chernobylskoy-katastrofy.html

I do not believe Valery Legasov killed himself. He just knew too much.
From the article: “And on April 27, 1988, on the second anniversary of the Chernobyl accident, Valery Legasov was found hanging in his home office…”
and ONE DAY LATER:
“On April 28, Legasov was to disclose to the government the data of his own investigation into the causes of the Chernobyl disaster. According to some reports, some of the records that he had prepared were erased from the recorder.” (!)
His wife does not believe in suicide either, it seems. Although he was going to die, because of the radiation effects. He received 100 rem, liquidator’s official (!) max. dose was 25r.

his recordings: http://www.life-upgrade.com/DATA/Legasov_V._Ob_Avarii_Na_Chernobiylsk.pdf

Also there was no graphite fire, as the article claims. It is disproven by Checherov, here is my summary: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/nuclear-explosion-emptied-chernobyl-concealed-by-the-nuclear-industry/
From the article: Legasov “understood the scale of the tragedy and could think of nothing else but the Chernobyl disaster.” / “Valery Legasov struck a veil of lies and silence about Chernobyl. Disclosing the true nature of the disaster…” / “He left his dosimeter in the closet…” / “A whole group of specialists worked on the report. It was prepared before our very eyes. My father used to take documents home. For several days scientists and specialists stayed at our house. Father repeatedly checked all the numbers. He personally had to make sure that they were all absolutely truthful. The report was very detailed and very honest.” / At the IAEA meeting: “The report lasted 5 hours, and another hour the father answered questions. Without any interruption. He saw his main task not justify the Soviet Union, not hide some information, but, on the contrary, explain to the world community how in such situations it is necessary to behave.” / “But the truth about Chernobyl was not liked by everyone. For example, in the leadership of the Ministry of Medium Engineering were extremely dissatisfied with the independence of academician Legasov…” / “At Chernobyl he was 7 times. He was unwell: constantly sick, exhausted by a dry cough and headaches. His immunity was weakened. At the same time, he continued to work for 12 hours a day.” / He said: “Everything is burned inside of me” / ”

Here is what he also had to say, before his “death”: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2013/03/27/valery-legasov-about-chernobyl/

15 billion for a new reactor.
take one thousandth.
= 15 million.
5 mio for the MEDIA (Spokesman of the industry, Ideologization of the masses, mind control)
5 mio for the POLITICIANS and EXPERTS (focus on thyroid cancer, excluding all other cancers, hormesis revival, pseudoscience, strategic misinterpretation, fraud statistics, no long-term maladies, equalization of internal and external radiation, equalization of high and low radiation, gag contracts, news laws, dose limits, soft dictatorship, technocratic tyranny)
5 mio for ASSASSINS (sudden death, cardiac insufficiency, “complications”, drowned, disappeared and so on…)
its not a simple industry or complex.
it is the evolution control committee.
a few million deaths are nothing to them.
but they are AFRAID. of each new sick child and the awarness. so they blame the parents of unhealthy living conditions, the people for creating fear and the rest of unscientific approach.

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200 documents in english, french:

http://enfants-tchernobyl-belarus.org/doku.php?id=base_documentaire:liste_brute

Among them many about internal radionuclides and Bandazhevsky and Nesterenko (Belarus).

Examples:

“Radiation Protection, as advertised by the ICRP, since 1973 – is used today worldwide: If the normal dose limits are exceeded, new dose limits are invented (Japan 20 mSv/a), the economist tells the doctors what to do. costs versus health” https://enfants-tchernobyl-belarus.org/doku.php?id=base_documentaire%3Aarticles-2017%3Aetb-199

Ivankov District – Ukraine
Cesium 137 and Strontium 90 radiation maps
from 2014 / Bandazhevsky PDF: https://enfants-tchernobyl-belarus.org/extra/pdf-divers/telecharge.php?pdf=etb-184.pdf

“Our results suggest that the radioactive material emitted by the accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant negatively affected the reproductive performance of the goshawk… It is not clear whether the bioaccumulation of radioactive material would occur in these forested ecosystems, but at least the transfer of radioactive material to higher trophic levels appears to have occurred. In the case of the Chernobyl, the accumulation of Cesium 137 or Strontium 90 was recognised, and a decrease in the nest success of swallows (Hirundo rustica) was also reported5. Further, it was well investigated that animals at higher trophic levels generally had higher levels of radionuclide concentrations than animals at lower levels…” https://enfants-tchernobyl-belarus.org/doku.php?id=base_documentaire%3Aarticles-2015%3Aetb-186

 

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