Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Archive for July, 2017

melt-dissolve-vent

One analyses:

melted-control-rods

based on one TEPCO PDF:

http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/handouts/2017/images/handouts_170719_01-e.pdf

with kind regards,

From the Toys R Us at TEPCO HQ.

In the imagination of the people and in the graphics of so called experts the molten core exists as a whole. We should separate from this. And look again at reactor fuel assemblies.
These consist of SINGLE, very small fuel pellets, many of them.
The water level sank in March 2011, right? Individual pellets were affected one after the other, downwards. They began to change their aggregate state. They melted, yes,but they became even hotter, due to the nuclear reaction, and DISSOLVED, or in other words, easy to VENT.


TEPCO melted, vented, melted, vented. But the space is limited.


So the reactor housing /burst protection exploded. That’s when the particle version of the reactor finally became free, after days of venting tiny bits into the air.

A second important thing I would simply like to explain. Cooling. If you try to cool a cooking plate in your kitchen, which is at the highest level, with water, The water evaporates, leaves traces, and your whole kitchen will be full of steam.The cooking plate will continue to heat because it is operated electrically.The only chance is to switch it off.

Now, for the nuclear fuel: Once it exists, it makes reactions (well, this is some sort of analogy to the kitchen). Without cooling water, it becomes hotter and hotter. It reaches the melting temperature in 3 seconds. That’s when it is 2,800°C or 5,072°F hot. It is so hot, that any water immediately fizzles, not even coming anyway near it. This steam must also be vented out, in the pressure containment. You can’t switch it off, because it’s nuclear reaction depends on natural laws and not on electrics like your kitchen.

Fukushima Unit 3 Muon Scan Finds NO FUEL In Reactor Vessel: http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/handouts/2017/images/handouts_170727_01-e.pdf

 

There was no fuel found in Reactor 1
There was no fuel found in Reactor 2
There was no fuel found in Reactor 3

TEPCO about Reactor 1: “It is considered that there is no fuel debris or very little even if exist”: http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/handouts/2017/images/handouts_170727_02-e.pdf

TEPCO just downgraded (!) the radiation readings in Reactor 2 (they calculated estimates from visual “noise”!: http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/handouts/2017/images/handouts_170727_03-e.pdf

 

Advertisements

Read Full Post »

1961-2017

Why do japanese Children have in 2017 the same amount of radio-cesium in their urine, as they had during the bomb test era? Were any bombs tested in the last years?

Source 1962: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jrr1960/3/2/3_2_120/_pdf

Source 2017: https://nuclear-news.net/2017/07/21/radioactive-cesium-detected-in-the-urine-of-100-children-after-the-catastrophic-accident-of-tepco-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant/

So, again a fact that TEPCO vented reactors empty, and that the vented radioactivity is 3,000+ hiroshima bombs. Let me explain, step by step, ok? It will be interesting for you to read. That is what I mean with looking for clues: Japanese officials tested urine of children. So what acually do we see here? We are idiots if we think 0,3 bq cesium 137 per liter is “not much”.

from above PDF:

urine

This radionuclide / element is perfectly water soluble. The first thing is, that if cs137 is in the urine – the body load is exceptionally high, because the kids live in an irradiated environment. Why do I think that? Since its detectable in the urine, which very “fast” contains what people drink, the supply of radio-cesium must happen regularly. That is, the children eat regularly, daily, perhaps irradiated food!

Second thing is, as far as I know, urine tests are inaccurate, such as bowel measurements and hair sample measurements. Of course the body mostly is water, but that’s not the point. Cesium accumulates. By the way, we are technically no longer in the 50s, Japan! Use Whole Body Counter Check ups! Urine tests are NOT equivalence of the total body burden.The burden in the body, in the cardiovascular system, in the intestines, in the heart muscle tissue can be immensely high, but in the urine is only “little”. It simply gives you no impression, except, that they EAT and DRINK Cesium. Fist rule: If cesium is present in the urine, then children are regularly fed with irradiated food.

Cesium does not come from the heart to the urine, or from anywhere else. Its from the intestine, from the food and drinks, but also remains there, It makes damage on its way, and in the heart area, because it’s on the same chemical level as potassium, there it causes arrhythmias, extrasystoles, and because it disintegrates into stable barium, it also blocks the receptors. It remains there, and the heart can become increasingly poorly adapted to stress, e.g. in sports in school, kids are suddenly “out of breath” and the like. Are you still reading? Good! I always bring this example to show how much “little” is: “Cesium 137: A 1,3 billionths of a gram of Cesium 137 (4,000 becquerel) creates a load of 100 Becquerel per Kg in the body of a 40 Kg heavy child.” Japan should also make “children radiation maps”.

Maps of INTERNAL radiation, not external soil radiation, which are totally faked in Japan, and based on theoretical assumptions, which are based on the one of the so called “meltdown”, saying only 2 to 5% of core inventory was vented out / lost during the acute technical phase of the catastrophe. Now, again: 3,000+ Hiroshima bomb radioactivity was vented out. 3 x full core inventory = 3 x 15something billion (!) curie. They masured 0,3 becquerel per Liter Urine, right? Let’s look back at the late 1950ies and early 1960ies. There exists data, urine tests done back then: 0,5 becquerel per Liter. here, μμCi data ( μμ = One-trillionth (10^12) = Pico Curie. 0.000000000001 Ci.

So 13,1 μμCi = around 0,5 becquerel. It was during the atomic above ground testing (2,000+ tests done worldwide), many of them much bigger than Hiroshima, same in the upper Megaton range. Releasing massive radionuclides into the world. And that’s the same situation today, this time without the atomic flash and big bang and what not, “just” by venting reactors empty, bleeding them out. Same results,

The peaceful murdering atom has created an environment as radioactive as it was during the Nuclear War we still call “testing era”.

No meltdown, no matter how many photos of molten material TEPCO shows. There will be no verification if they can not present 300 tons of molten reactor cores.

Cesium 137 becquerel per square meter Soil in the table below:
Elementary schools in and around Fukushima.
581,000 becquerel per m² = 15,7 Curie per km² – I know areas in Belarus and I’ve been there with that much.
The “top gun” is the one with 1,080,000 bq cs137 / m² which is 29,1 Curie per km² – this needs immediately EVACUATED: Highest Alert.
Thank you Kaye Nagamine who I quote:
“from the left: names of cities, names of elementary schools, amount detected on the surface of the soil, in the soil, categorized levels of risks equivalent to Chernobyl.”
What you see here is a catastrophe worse than any official or media ever told us. Spray liquid polymere weekly, evacuate the kids, abondon the areas, warning signs, walls, stop migration.

21208834_1693984423947133_1571274037_n

belarusian equivalent with 15 Ci / km²: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/04/21/good-will-is-irradiated/

Cesium 134 & 137 deteced in Tokyo Tapwater, local newspaper
thank you Kaye Nagamine (blank / no numbers means “not detected”) Dear readers please remind one thing: Cesium is pefectly water soluable BUT at the same time substance tend not to accumulate in water, but in the matter / life forms swimming in it, or in the life form drinking it:

21105439_1693683670643875_4791790152569945151_n

 

Read Full Post »

There are two programmed possibilities: GO or NO GO. I want to explain it: In the age of symbol, everything is NO GO, as long as there is no symbol, which people introject into their inner world. So they get a “Mapfor the world.

“People then confuse MAP with WORLD” (quote Dr. Ronald Laing).

Especially if something is invisible as radioactive atoms, then people confuse symbols with things / beings. I think, in under 10 years, people will not be able to see and can not believe that a reactor has exploded, even though it happened before their eyes, as long as no GO symbol appears. in the form of CGI graphics, press releases and so on. Not only an exploded reactor – but ANY event.

People will perceive a certain symbol. And this symbol represents a certain standardized fact or data – not more. For example the nuclear catastrophe in Japan, caused by TEPCO, is perceived as “Meltdown” – there exists no photo, no video, nothing, which proves this assumption, this symbol, no molten fuel particle was shown ever to the world since 3/11. Nevertheless, this symbol is accepted as fact, as being, as thing.

What is a meltdown? What is this symbol? It means according to textbook risk analyses, that “only” 3 to 5 % of the reactor core escaped into the enviroment, or expressed into another symbol: INES 7. There exists data – many times shown on this blog – suggesting, that nearly all of the inventory was vented out. But there exists no symbol for it.

Why is that? Shocks like catastrophes are ignored, or simply “events“. An event is not as bad as a catastrophe. Now steps are taken, that people simply forget that catastrophes exist, that the word catastrophe exists. In 1984 “very good” was “double plus”.

Back to the radiation: As Chris Busby said I think also radiation is the main reason of “age” of becoming “old”. But it is the “most invisible” thing at the same time.

If the most impotant is invisible, then it does not exist for us. Only as symbol.

With the age of radiation and the age of genetics – both discovered at the same time, we entered automatically the “age of symbol“, where all damage and all risk is embedded into “natural” occuring risks – like Wolf Härtele, a german, suggested in the 70ies, while touring Japan, that ““The next logical step is to embed residual risks in a spectrum of natural risks such as earthquakes, lightning, and the like…”

Or: Where damage becomes “Risk”. So, if an university measures Cesium in the water, then there is only cesium in water. Nothing else.

The next step is: Not measuring at all, so there is NO radiation.

No data, no problem.

or, in other words:

No proof = Meltdown.

because a symbol appears.

Our memory, our mind is a product of DNA; but seperated from it. So I think we are a lifeform, which works biologically wrong. This is because we are not able to protect our DNA. I tried it to explain with the sentence, that radiation is invisible, and the damage is “made” invisible, again by symbols, we call statistics.

This biological not correct working phenomena does not stay there. with the invisible translated into symbols, but – thanks to how our mind and social conditioned being works – it will also include the visible (!) world. then absolutely everything is possible. absolutely everything. We see it today, when people say, they can’t believe this and that. it is further blurred of course by fake news, main fake news ironically provided by the biggest press agencies.

If the invisible is also made unthinkable, then the visible starts to vanish.

And only the symbol remains.

And then not even that.

nomeltdown-2

New photos, new assumptions – from underwater robots at Reactor 1 and 3, and no samples, no analyses. By the TEPCO robot. It can be any material, especially since there exists material that has a lower melting temperature than reactor fuel (2,800°C). No proof, only symbols. Remember, 100 tons are missing for reach reactor. A simple photo of “something” is nothing.
If you look for a murder suspect, do you show any person and say “it might be the one”? No. You investigate, gather facts, data, double check. TEPCO just delivers a Toys R Us Circus Show.

A robot tells us what to think by symbols.

 

Read Full Post »

17098093_1286955404726420_2200176157965570779_o

Right now a one billion USD lawsuit is opened by irradiated and damaged soldiers, who were on the USS Reagan during the Venting of TECPO’s reactors:

http://norcalrecord.com/stories/511141853-sailors-1-billion-lawsuit-over-radiation-from-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-sails-through-federal-court

Also, Chris Busby is right now in San Francisco, developing a strategy to help these sailors infront of court. He is one of last remaining experts actually doing something for the human race. More on his profile:

https://www.facebook.com/chris.busby.714?fref=mentions

Don Gabel died in the first proven case of radiation-caused cancer at Rocky Flats, in the 1970ies: https://books.google.de/books?id=YIAzHckpZswC&pg=PA3#v=onepage&q&f=false

What I want to add are examples from Chernobyl, the cancer categories, the model of when a cancer is radiation induced, a similar case from the U.S., and data linked to the USS Reagan and TEPCO’s VENTING.

melt-dissolve-vent

Latest: NO FUEL FOUND! But Control Rods! HERE: https://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2017/07/25/tepco-found-the-control-rods-not-fuel/

17191754_1286986068056687_98755878022666238_o

“Dr. Mettler (IAEA) learned well that solid cancers without a ten year latency period did not “count” as radiation-related under ICRP latency models. Therefore the Chernobyl thyroid cancers were seen, but not reported as radiogenic, since they were within five years of a disaster! The nuclear industry has a monopoly on radiation and human health scientific information, and its dissemination through the Universities into nuclear reactor facilities, hospital radiology laboratories and UN organizations. This poses a further serious problem. Normally, one believes the evidence at hand, rather than the theory! If one has been taught theory as fact, the situation becomes more complicated. ICRP has created an artificial “consensus” on the health effects of radiation” from: https://ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/CaUFtH.html

stage-show2

Concering Three Mile Island, from: https://ratical.org/radiation/NAvictims.html

Restrictive Definitions

The main way in which the “radiation protection industry” has succeeded in hugely underrating the ill-health caused by nuclear power is by insisting on a group of extremely restrictive definitions as to what qualifies as a radiation-caused illness statistic. For example, under IAEA’s criteria:

  • If a radiation-caused cancer is not fatal, it is not counted in the IAEA’s figures
  • If a cancer is initiated by another carcenogen, but accelerated or promoted by exposure to radiation, it is not counted.
  • If an auto-immune disease or any non-cancer is caused by radiation, it is not counted.
  • Radiation-damaged embryos or foetuses which result in miscarriage or stillbirth do not count
  • A congenitally blind, deaf or malformed child whose illnesses are are radiation-related are not included in the figures because this is not genetic damage, but rather is teratogenic, and will not be passed on later to the child’s offspring.
  • Causing the genetic predisposition to breast cancer or heart disease does not count since it is not a “serious genetic disease” in the Mendelian sense.
  • Even if radiation causes a fatal cancer or serious genetic disease in a live born infant, it is discounted if the estimated radiation dose is below 100 mSv [mSv= millisievert, a measurement of radiation exposure. One hundred millsievert is the equivalent in radiation of about 100 X-Rays].
  • Even if radiation causes a lung cancer, it does not count if the person smokes — in fact whenever there is a possibility of another cause, radiation cannot be blamed.
  • If all else fails, it is possible to claim that radiation below some designated dose does not cause cancer, and then average over the whole body the radiation dose which has actually been received by one part of the body or even organ, as for instance when radio-iodine concentrates in the thyroid. This arbitrary dilution of the dose will ensure that the 100 mSv cut-off point is nowhere near reached. It is a technique used to dismiss the sickness of Gulf War veterans who inhaled small particles of ceramic uranium which stayed in their lungs for more than two years, and in their bodies for more than eight years, irradiating and damaging cells in a particular part of the body.

This is what they go against. But Sciences changes, as Busby said on facebook.

Another category, no one knows: The IAEA says only the first seven days of a nuclear catastrophe count as an accident. How is that possible, if you look at the decay times of radionuclides and the genetic long term effect? Well, it sure helps the government to re populate the areas, make compensation claims small and fake some radiation maps as public service, against the panic makers:

11722157_862633310491967_4261527797011097163_o

 

nomeltdown-2

It all is also linked to the “Meltdown” term. I believe it was VENTING. And that there is no core, no molten core anywhere, not inside, not below. Show me a single pic of molten fuel. Anything, since 2011. There is nothing.

Here below are NRC trans script snapshots, the big one is about the USS Reagan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let me explain:

We must accept that the large amounts of nuclear material, or almost everything, has left the reactors. Not tiny amounts as TEPCO and IAEA Vienna / JAEC Japan say. We must concentrate the clues contradicting the meltdown. If one gets off here, one is not interested in the truth. There is data from SPEEDI, CTBTO, TEPCO, and JAEC data from Germany and Norway, which shows that enormous amounts have escaped. So much that not a meltdown could have been the source. BECAUSE it says in the text book, that a meltdown is equivalent to 2 – 5% of the total inventory that exists in a reactor. A number, a theory, not reality. From which all radiation maps and evac zones are calculated, including possible damage compensation, and also this case against TEPCO.

 

 

 

 

 

 

I think almost 100 % escaped. From all three reactors. There is solid confirmation for this claim: From Futaba to the USS Reagan, infront of Tokyo bay, to Takasaki 200 miles away – they were all irradiated with radionuclides, more than ever in human history (the CTBTO RN 38 station was shut down to be decontaminated).

Excerpt:

“Two stations of the CTBTO network, Okinawa and Takasaki, are located in Japan, but 133Xe (XENON) measurements are made only at Takasaki. However, the Takasaki noble gas detections were, for an extended period of time, reaching the dynamic range of the system, meaning that measurements were so high that they became unreliable. Regarding the 137Cs (CESIUM) measurements at Takasaki, there was another problem:”

“During the first passage of the plume at this station, radioactivity entered the interior of the building. This resulted in a serious contamination, meaning that 137Cs shows up continuously in the measurements since the initial event, even when it is completely absent in the ambient air.”

“Both stations are part of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) – The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) foresees a global ban of all nuclear explosions. To verify compliance with the CTBT, a global International Monitoring System (IMS) with four different measurement technologies is currently built up, namely for seismic (170 stations), hydroacoustic (11 stations), infrasound (80 stations) and radionuclide (80 stations) monitoring. 60 particulate monitoring stations are currently delivering data to the International Data Centre of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO in Vienna.”

Source: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/2313/2012/acp-12-2313-20

Did you know? Even world’s most advanced measurement system gives data about emissions only after 2 – 3 days. Here is a list of CTBTO stations which catched radioactive atoms from the TEPCO reactors, in chronological order (bottom of the page, german language) The following stations have actually been able to detect radionuclides. Translation: “The activity concentrations measured outside Japan with the extremely sensitive IMS systems are very small and are partly in the range of the detection threshold. The simulated time of arrival can not be evaluated precisely because the IMS radionuclide stations measure particles in a three-day crypt: The plants suck air through a filter for 24 hours, after which the sample decays for 24 hours to reduce the background by short-lived isotopes And the energy of decay is counted and counted for a further 24 hours in a gamma spectrometer. The results are therefore always available two to three days after the measurement. Within this accuracy, however, the modeled arrival times were mostly confirmed. Detections up to and including March 25th 2011″: https://www.bgr.bund.de/DE/Themen/Erdbeben-Gefaehrdungsanalysen/Seismologie/Kernwaffenteststopp/Verifikation/Atmosphaer-Transport/Besondere%20Ereignisse/atm_fukushima_inhalt.html

Not possible by a simple meltdown. Then the other confirmation: The plant site still exists. Why is this important? The reactors operated with pressure containments, BWR type. But TEPCO and JAEC confirmed that their fuel rods were 100% dry, on March 14th 6 pm. Much pressure was building up. In a pressurized system (!). But it was not blown to pieces. It should have been beacause of the pressure building up. Only the burst protection around the containment was. Why is that? Why is the plant site still there? A good question. It should have been exploded just like the pressure cooker bomb during the marathon in the U.S. The architecture of reactors consists of many valves and safety pressure relief systems. Some are spring designed, to give out a “Puff” from time to time, and with it radionuclides, despite the active coal filters.

This one comes from: https://de.scribd.com/document/93660119/Fukushima-Disaster-March-11th-March-21st-NRC-ET-Chronology-Descending-Pages-From-C142487-03X

A short summary:

~~ From MELT to VENT ~~
or: how to dissolve fuel pellets and make them ready for venting
NRC: “IF CONTAINMENT PRESSURE WORSENS,
WILL NEED TO _VENT_ TO PREVENT CATASTROPHIC FAILURE”
VENTED PRIMARY CONTAINMENT!
heat capacity limit suppression pool (saturated!)
Reduced pressure by 50% = VENTING! (120 to 60 psi, means 50% of the pressure, steam, dissolved fuel pellets are OUT and AWAY)
Caldicott, Gundersen, Gunter, Naoto the coward & Co, where are you?
Remember, if you say “Meltdown”; you say “3 to 5 % fuel escaped

Opening Valve to inject seawater. By opening valve dissolved fuel pellets escape. Thus the dose around the reactor is increased. Naval base receives evacuation worth doses in their air an sepa filter. Tokio is between that base and the venting reactors. No evavuation. USS Reagan again mentioned. Also not evacuated. This all happaned with intent and lazyness and typical, “sane” and rational calculus behaviour those always show who are top trained and “responsible”. UO2 fuel escaped, parts of spent fuel escaped also, 38 milli Sievert per hour, 100 mili Sievert per hour, 400 milli Sievert per hour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

“To justify venting or purging, there must be an established need to improve working conditions” JUSTIFICATION: Avoiding explosion of the containment: https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/gen-comm/gen-letters/1979/gl79054.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

But when the reactors became dry – all three (!) – TEPCO melted, vented, melted, vented, controlled, over days. To the outside. There is no molten core anywhere, “falling” into the sea, as some dreamers say. TEPCO even drilled holes from outside into the burst protection, to relief the system. But when hundreds of tons of MOX / UO2 fuel melt, no space is enough to catch it. A dry reactor heats up with 212°F per 0,1 seconds. Means it reaches its melting temperature 5,072°F in 2,8 seconds. Then its in the molten form. But is does not stop there. But that is the limit of most people’s imagination power. TEPCO knows this. It vaporizes, aerolizes. And at the bottom of a molten core a critical mass is possible, because the neutrons are no longer catched by water. The splitting rate races. And the pressure rises with the temperature. What did TEPCO do? VENTING. Until the system could not hold any longer, the system was overrun by it, and the space went out in the torus / dry well and even the chimney wasnt enough. Cracks and vessel breached, as photos and gamma cams have shown. Pipes were sucked flat, instead of blown to pieces. There are photos.

Then we can read about the 400 mSv per hour measuerd near the plant (“There was a media report of a 40-rem dose measured somewhere near the plant.”) quote from NRC on PAGE 15: http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1205/ML12052A106.pdf

Gregory Jaczko was informed about the venting of TEPCO reactors in the NRC document ML12052A099.pdf. What did he know, what did he do? Venting reactor containment means letting it fly – to the people. THIS is NOT a meltdown. The reactors are empty. Scanner pics of TEPCO show this. How can this be a meltdown? http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1205/ML12052A099.pdf

What I mean with Reactor Fuel Enthalpy (TEPCO never shows anything like this, to avoid questions about the so called meltdown): “Prompt fuel dispersion was observed at radial average peak fuel enthalpies above 275 cal/g UO2- Tests at greater than 400 cal/g UO2 produced more severe consequences, with resultant coolant pressure increases to 12 MPa, energy conversions to nearly 3%, and metal-water reaction to nearly 100%of the cladding.” There is also data about melting and fragmentation. Remember: Chernobyl 1,400 cal/g (!!!) There was nothing melting anymore, it became gaseaous. SOURCE PDF: http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/12/581/12581572.pdf

SOARCA / MACCS2: “Accident Consequence Analysis Code: The computer code used to calculate dispersion of radioactive material to the environment and the population.” http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/regulatory/research/safetycodes.html

cherno-fuku-msv-comp

This is a video from Chernobyl 4 for comparsion, to understand the TEPCO air dose date below. According to Alexandr Kupnyi, who made the footage, near the elephant foot is an air dose of 2 – 3 röntgen per hour. so 0,01 – 0,02 Sievert per hour. 10 – 20 milli SIevert per hour. And the dose rate at Fukushima coast, during venting was 60 – 110 milli Sievert per hour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hundr

 

eds of sievert per hour were measured, causing 100 mill Sievert per hour air dose infront of Fukushima coast line. I think 3 x 16 billion curie escaped. The radioactivity of 3,000 Hiroshima bombs. We are not dead, because it left the building as tiniest pieces of itself, available everywhere to everyone, showing up NOT in the immediate offspring, because the effects are not dominant enough in DNA. That makes it impossible to track down, but will be the death for millions over the next generations. Many simple can not propagate, for example, because the cells / glands responsible are among the most vunerable in the human body. What I add is this: Since this industry was born and is fed by the military, no price is too high. TEPCO scales readings down when people enter. But scale it up, when robots enter. They switch off their Toys R Us Robots, and call it “killed” by radiation, to support their meltdown theory. In order the industry survives and people never know that a full and complete fuel loss is possible by VENTING, and that this emergency system is everywhere, in each reactor worldwide. This is also the reason why we have NEVER SEEN and will never see any fuel sample grabbed by a camera or robot, from TEPCO’s reactors, Because if we could see it we could estimate the fuel enthalpy, the energy deposited into the fuel and from then on we could explain the nature of the catastophe and fuel loss. TEPCO would risk their meltdown theory. I repeat: NO evidence was ever shown to the world, supporting the meltdown. And this is why we should find the regulations for operating reactors in Japan. For example in the UK Safety Assessment Principle 152 requires ‘The containment should adequately contain such radioactive matter as may be released into it as a result of any fault in the reactor.’ If a reactor VENTS its core almost completely to the outside, licence can not be granted and operation of reactors become instant ILLEGAL. But since this step is not done by clinging to the meltdown, Japan will switch on their reactors, one by one. And we watch. And this lawsuit will fail then, because it was only a meltdown and so the radiation can’t and couldn’t be so high, in TEPCO’s eyes.

“The licensing basis calculations for a control rod drop accident predict a peak fuel rod enthalpy of about 220 calories/gram when the inserted reactivity is 1.3% K. (…) When the core is reflooded, about half the core will undergo a cold water reactivity transient. (…) every fuel rod in the core would be perforated. I(…) the effect of the transient on the fuel matrix itself. (-..) Reflooding the reactor will insert about 8% K, when filled with cold water (with xenon present). However, it takes about 30 seconds to refill the vessel from the bottom to the top of the core (…) it is likely that there will be at least some severe fuel damage in the region where the control rods do not insert. As a shutdown core is reflooded, individual fuel rods, now at a high surface temperature, will first experience film boiling and then “quench” as the cladding temperature drops and the rod transitions into nucleate boiling (…) Source: https://www.nrc.gov/sr0933/Section%203.%20New%20Generic%20Issues/080r4.html

Again, Facts are Facts:

no AC power, lost all injection capability, trouble controlling their SRV. I asked ‘ what was the vessel pressure? The guy told me it was 4 megapascals, and all they got are fire pumps. And there’s no way a fire pump is going to push against 4 megapascals.”
Tony: ‘we’re concerned they’ve been in the situation on and off really from the beginning and they’ve been having trouble getting injection all along… very likely, also drawing, you know, it’s also leading us to this conclusion.”
pg 276
“… when you said ‘a loud sound’ ….would be it was probably when the core went x-up.”
Tony: “and landing in the water under the vessel, it would have caused a little steam explosion.”
Jack Grobb: “ But what you think is that that was a steam explosion from the fuel going x-vessel, and we heard that containment at that point in time went from 3 atmospheres to 1 atmosphere.”
Jim: “That makes sense.”
Tony: “Yep. It would.”
ET Transcripts #4 of 10 –14 March 2011
http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1205/ML12052A105.pdf

 

Read Full Post »