Radio-cesium and strontium are the most widely “common” spread and damaging radioactive atoms from nuclear reactors, nuclear bombs, nuclear disasters. They are atoms, so they know no boundaries. This is not part of their job. They are smaller than any border. Also they are smaller than any physical protection, especially if they are IN the body. For example, the placenta does not protect against them per se. They are active for 10 generations (Strontium 90 – 285 years, Cesium 137 – 301 years). Radio-Cesium is water soluable. So it spreads extremely fast in the environment. Both are transported over long distances. With food chain, wind, soil, biodiversity, YOU. The wetter the soil, the more cesium. All plants that grow in moist soil can be affected with it. Typical cesium collectors are fungi, moss, vegetables, grass, lichens, berries (including cranberry).
Plant -> man
Animals -> plants -> Milk -> man
Algae -> Fish -> man
Animals and plants do not care about the scale of the nuclear disaster. They can not read warning signs. We should. Food is the main source of radioactive atoms into the organism, into the body of your child. Everything above zero is destructive. External radiation can be measured with Geiger counters. Internal radiation from radioactive atoms in the body is too weak to be measured with Geiger counters, but strong enough to destroy. A 1,3 billionths of a gram of Cesium 137 (4,000 becquerel) creates a load of 100 Becquerel per Kg in the body of a 40 Kg heavy child.
Particularly dangerous: Game, mushrooms, blueberries.
In Belarus, all limits were exceeded by 80 to 100 %. Milk carries not only Stronium 90 but also Cesium 137. Milk is a big danger for children. It can lead to sudden deterioration of health. Confused with childhood diseases. To measure food it needs special equipment. The food is chopped, portioned, and sealed in a lead container. The container measures only the food, which is shielded by the lead of background radiation.
It is not enough
for people in irradiated environments, if only external radiation is measured in milli Sievert per year.
90% is internal radiation in the body.
About Whole Body Counters
: They give you an average of the WHOLE burden in your body of radioactive atoms (Cesium 137 for example) in Speed (Becquerel) per body Kilogram (bq/kg)
. BUT: It is a WHOLE and NOT a PARTIAL BODY or PARTIAL ORGAN SCANNER
. There is a tiny flash each time energy is given out by the radioactive atoms in your children (in the crystals of the device). It appears below a chair in which your child sits. This flash is “translated” into / via a program / computer into Becquerel per Kg. The device is shielded with lead against background radiation. And it is NOT invasive, not dangerous for you and your child. This means: a) If you have 20 Bq / Kg Cesium 137, you can have 10 or 100 times more Cesium 137 in your heart and / or cardio vascular system, because Cesium mimics potassium
. And b) a child takes in even 3 to 5 times more substances, among them of course radioactive atoms. The fast metabolism does not help, and the mitosis even accelerates the damage.
Youri Bandazhevsky (Belarus), anatomical pathologist, President of the Center for Analysis and Coordination “Ecology and Health”. From the syndrome of chronic incorporation of long lived radionuclides (SLIR) to the creation of programmes and radioprotection policies for populations said: “cesium is easy to accumulate in the heart” “50 Becquerel break your heart rhythm at 20 to 30 becquerel per kilogram of body weight” (CHILDREN!) “if, during pregnancy, there is more than 200 becquerel per kilogram of cesium in the placenta it can lead to sudden death of the child”: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/05/13/%E3%83%A6%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AA%E3%83%BC%E3%83%BB%E3%83%90%E3%83%B3%E3%83%80%E3%82%B8%E3%82%A7%E3%83%95%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AD%E3%83%BC-cesium-137-and-children-may-12th-2012/
People living in an area with 1 million becquerels per square meter they get their reasonable dose in 35 years. In a 10 million becquerels per square meter area in less than 4 years. Radioactivity. Each additional radioactivity which we are exposed to harms our bodies. The natural radioactivity with which we are surrounded. Life arose in a radiation environment. Radiation is not life-friendly. It is a hostile factor. Life has prevailed against this hostile factor. The natural radiation. The beta radiation of strontium has a range of 1 millimeter. No matter where it is installed, it reaches the stem cells with its beta radiation. From the stem cells, everything is made. So the stem cells are bombarded constantly. What are the symptoms? We received the following reports of Chernobyl, in the late 80ies: Chernobyl AIDS. Symptoms of anemia with decreased number of red blood cells. A therapy resitant anemia. Vitamins and iron will not help. The ongoing hemorrhage, the bleeding e.g. from the nose. Decreased number of platelets, which are indeed involved in blood clotting. The immune system of children. They are always sick, every little infection “throws them around”. They constantly have colds, infections. And low white blood cells in the blood. This is easily explained: With a Bone marrow suppression: The bone marrow – due to the constant bombardment – and especially because of the accumulation of strontium – lost the ability to compensate.Radioactivity means selective delivery of energy. On the molecules in our body. They are tiny pinholes in the shortest possible time. But with full force. We are constantly exposed to such radiation damage each second. Every second. Permanenent.And life could not exist and the information of Life could not be passed on, if we have not developed effective repair mechanisms. But the repair mechanisms are very complex and it takes time. The shorter the life cycle of a cell, the less time remains for the repair. This explains why children with rapidly growing tissue, with rapidly dividing cells – are particularly sensitive to radiation. Mitosis.#
It is often forgotten that rays also damage the retina and the vitreous body of the eye.
Stochastic effects and children:
There is statistical health damage caused by the so-called low-level radiation (above ZERO up to 500mSv.) That is not assigned to any particular people, but occur in a defined population. This issue is the subject of thousands of studies all over the world since the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, and I will discuss in detail below with reference to examples. Factors such as age, gender, health, immune system, nutrition, social situation and the duration of exposure of the radioactivity influence the onset of cancer and other diseases. Until the Chernobyl disaster, the biological effects in the body of the
radioactive isotopes have been undervalued.
It is now clear: Any radiation poses a risk especially for children who are extremely radiosensitive.
1) A child is constantly increasing in weight and size, it grows from the intrauterine embryo to adult, the younger, the faster. Therefore, the cells divide much more frequently than an adult. Cells in the division phase (mitosis) are more vulnerable to radiation than cells in the resting phase.
2) The ability of the body to recognize “defective” cells and to eliminate them develops during childhood. An embryo has not yet this ability. Therefore “defective” cells can multiply unimpeded and later lead to cancer or heritable diseases.
3) A child that grows must hold more substances than emiting them, more than an adult. The body of a child takes in more radioactive substances in food, drink and air we breathe than adults. Especially dangerous are 137 and Cs-134 and 137 and Sr-90 – deposited in the muscles or in the bone (see below).
4) Children have their whole lives ahead of them. Some diseases caused by radiation take a long time to occur (latency): 20 or even 30 years. Children are more likely than older adults to reach the dubious chance to see the end of this latency. In the human body there are about 200 different cell types, each has a different function.
Basically, each cell can respond to injury with four responses:
1) The damage is so severe that the cell dies.
2) The cell can repair the damage (in children see above).
3) The cell loses its ability to produce certain substances, such as in the pancreas gland which can not produce insulin anymore (increase of diabetes in Belarus among children and adults) or other digestive juices during the growth, of the thyroid hormones.
4) The malignant cells degenerate and there is cancer.
It is now clear: Any radiation poses a risk especially for children who are extremely radiosensitive.
The effect of 4 isotopes of iodine -131, Strontium-90, Tritium (H-3) and cesium – 134 / 137 on the human body I will now show more detail, not without pointing out the most toxic isotope, plutonium (Pu-239), that triggers in micrograms cancer. It is produced in each reactor in the fission of uranium, about 250kg per year and reactor.
Iodine – 131
Half-life of 8-9 days, but the full decay time means it is located in the area about 3 months. It is a gas and can be transported hundreds of kilometers in the clouds, where it then falls as rain. In normal operation of reactors 10,000,000,000 becquerel escape per year allowed – and per reactor! Bythe disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima huge amounts were set free and were absorbed by the body through the breath and the food. In particular, the thyroid gland needs much iodine for the preparation of growth hormone. The child’s growing body needs very much and can not distinguish between the radioactive isotope and the normal iodine. Radio-Iodine emits beta and gamma rays in the tissue, and damages the organ.
As in the first years of Chernobyl no ultrasound examinations were performed because opf the absence of equipment – there is no information about the early damage in the thyroid. In the Fukushima Prefecture live 360 ,000 children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. Approximately 60,000 were previously studied. In over 40% nodes and cysts were found.
Normally, these changes are not seen until adulthood. They do not belong to young thyroid glands. They are the expression of a diffuse injury. What will happen can only be seen in follow-up examinations (see above). By Chernobyl 4,000 children in Belarus dveloped thyroid cancer, throughout the Soviet Union probably 7,000 children developed thyroid cancer, which practically did not occur until 1986 in children. On my first visit to Minsk in 1990, I saw in a clinic children of all ages, even very small, which went through surgery and were already in a rehabilitation clinic. But also chronic thyroid inflammation and Hypothyroidism / Hyperthyroidism occur and must be regularly examined and treated so that a Child can thrive. Meanwhile, the thyroid cancer also occurs in adults (see latency) and we can see thyroid gland dysfunctionagain and again in children from Belarus.
Strontium – 90 and Tritium, H-3
Tritium is a beta emitter with a half-life of 12.3 years. Nuclear power plants in normal operation emit it in large quantities over their chimney and their waste into water, into the environment. It combines with oxygen to “heavy water” (HTO). Again, plants, animals or the human body, can not differ between Tritium and H²O. It is absorbed into the body, and even built into the genes, where the beta particles – are close enough to radiosensitive structures to cause diseases and genetic defects – despite the low range. Strontium-90., a beta-emitter with a half life of 28.8 years (full decay time 288 years), is leaving reactors to the environment in much smaller quantities as tritium or cesium. Since it is held by the body for calcium, it is also incorporated into the teeth and the bone (http://www.radiation.org/projects/tooth_fairy.html). Beta particles radiate the whole life time in the bone marrow into highly sensitive ares where hematopoiesis takes place. Even small amounts of Sr-90 are therefore the most dangerous triggers for leukemia (blood cancer) in children. The bone marrow also contains the stem cells of the red blood cells. They are damaged, and cause anemia, with negative consequences for the welfare of the children. The immune bodies are formed in the bone marrow. This ability is reduced or no longer available and the result is what you can call “Chernobyl AIDS”, a weakened immune system. Minor infection widen into bronchitis or pneumonia. It also seems that after vaccination not enough Antibodies are fomed. Bone cancer in children – used to be very rare – is also caused by the built in Strontium-90.. In the summer, belarusian children of last year, we saw massive caries. In my opinion also be the result of built in Strontium-90.
“It is well known that radiation can cause mutations in bacteria and viruses. Andrei Sakharov, the famous Russian physicist, described in his 1992 Memoirs that even at low levels radiation could increase mutations of bacteria and viruses. His predictions, which were originally made in 1958, have come true and we are seeing new ailments such as Reye’s syndrome which first appeared in 1963, and Legionnaires’ disease, which is caused by a bacteria that was not threatening prior to 1976. AIDS may be related to a mutated virus combined with a weakened immunity in a generation born after the first nuclear weapons were detonated.”
„When the radiation from such isotopes as strontium-89 and 90 in the bone marrow mutates an existing virus that invades the T-cells of the immune system and kills them in the process of replication, the stage is set for the complete collapse of the immune defenses and resulting death from opportunistic infections or cancer.” http://www.nuclearreader.info/chapter1.html
Cesium – 137
Half-life is about 30 years (full decay time 300 years), biological half-life of 50-150 days, in children it tends to be shorter. Cesium is excreted through the kidneys. The body uses it as potassium, which is located in each cell. Cesium sends beta and gamma radiation from the decay, and is absorbed by the body from the diet quickly and completely. In whole-body radiation measurements (Whold Body Counter Check-ups), the gamma radiation of cesium – 137 is measured in Bq / kg of body weight and measured before and after a recovery residence of children from Belarus a significant decrease of the Cesium can be seen: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/04/14/children-radiation-maps-2/ Cesium is the “leading isotope” by the disasters of Chernobyl and Fukushima. And where there is Cesium, of course, are also
many other isotopes. Since Cesium can occur in every cell, every organ is to be damaged. It comes to high concentrations in the muscles, and heart muscle where cells die or the blood supply by destroying the vessel walls no longer works. Strokes and heart attacks resulting in people in middle age. Renal failure, high blood pressure in childhood, liver injury and diffuse brain disorders are described. Children suffer from cataracts of the eyes, older people without cataracts are the exception. Also in the placenta cesium is concentrated and harms the growing child. Miscarriages, premature births, birth defects resulting with a large birth risk and developmental disorders. Each organ, especially the lungs and the gastrointestinal tract in women, can develop cancer, and it appears that the cancer caused by radioactive radiation is particularly aggressive and metastasizes quickly.
In each nucleus a chromosome is set of all the genetic information, which is called the genome. Changes of this genetic information are called mutation. A mutation happens in egg or sperm cells, the embryo can not develop and die from it, or it comes to malformations. To date, over 3,000 genetic diseases are known. In the first year of Chernobyl statistically more children were born with Down syndrome (trisomy) as before and after (http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/17/nuclear-cancer-industry/)! From animal experiments it is known that all types of mutations can be caused by radiation! Since cesium-137 remains 300 years in the biological cycle, and occurs mostly with food and water always in the organism, the genetic damage is further increased with generation after generation, more and more people in their suffer from genetic mutations.
This is an example HOW to take steps in radiation protection (from Chernobyl irradiated Belarus / Ukraine) and it is done by civil society, NOT officials:
“We are concerned specifically with the syndrome of long-lived incorporated radionuclides (SLIR) because when caesium 137 enters the human body, it is incorporated into several vital organs and systems simultaneously. The consequence of this process is the inhibition of the cellular energy cycle, which causes metabolic disorders in the human body. Lowering the level of energy carriers leads to destructive changes and insufficient, restorative processes at the cellular and intracellular level. Research conducted at the Gomel State Medical Institute (1990-1999) showed that symptoms of the syndrome of long-lived radionuclides appeared in children when the concentration of Cs-137 in the body reached a level of 50 Bq / kg and above.
The most easily demonstrable problems, in terms of ability to function, arise in the cardiovascular, urinary, endocrine, reproductive, digestive, immune systems, and in the sight organs. Since pathological changes in these organs and systems occur at the same time, the condition is difficult to diagnose. For a correct diagnosis, a radiometric examination to determine the concentration of Cs-137 in the body, and a clinical examination in the laboratory of vital organs, need to be undertaken. In assessing the impact of radioactive caesium in the human body, we must take into consideration its ability to induce phenotypic alterations in the genetic apparatus, which, in our opinion, is at the root of these serious diseases. Official medicine does not recognise the syndrome of long-lived incorporated radionuclides as a manifestation of the impact of radioactive caesium affecting the entire organism, and consequently the medical assistance given to people, living in the areas contaminated by radioactive elements, is less effective.
The concept of the syndrome of incorporated radioactive elements forms the basis of the project submitted to the international community by the centre for coordination and analysis “Ecology and Health” under the title: “An integrated model of life in a radiocontaminated zone”. The project aims to create a system of effective measures to protect the population that continues to live in areas contaminated by radioactive substances. Even relatively small amounts of radioactive caesium incorporated into the body are recognized as harmful to human health. Bearing this in mind, the project provides a set of measures to prevent the entry of radioactive elements into the body. The project is being implemented in the Ivankov district of Kiev in Ukraine, located in the immediate vicinity of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. It includes:
1. Regular radiometric control of the population and of food products. The
identification of risk groups – groups of people who have radioactive
substances in the body;
2. The evaluation of key factors in the metabolism and in the state of the vital
organs of the children and adults in the risk group;
3. Provision of the necessary medical and preventive care for the population. To
do this, a specialist clinic with modern diagnostic technology needs to be set
up in the Ivankov district (or any other district anywhere in the world);
4. Individual correction of metabolic imbalance, caused by the prolonged
presence of Cs-137 in the body, through a planned diet;
5. Organization of uncontaminated food production (not containing radioactive
substances) for people with serious metabolic alterations resulting from
prolonged exposure to incorporated radioactive substances.
6. An important part of the project consists of informing the public about
collective and individual health protection measures that are necessary when
you live in an area contaminated by radioactive elements.
Evaluation of the Current Radiation Burden of Children Living in Regions Contaminated by the Chernobyl Accident – done by INDEPENDENT Belrad Insitute (I know them): http://irpa11.irpa.net/pdfs/7c8.pdf
Phoswich Detectors in Partial body counter can measure internal emitters such as Americium 241 (decay prodcut of Plutonium 241), Uranium 235 and Plutonium 239, these are low-energy measurements. Measuring takes usually 35 Minutes. Costs: 400 – 500+ USD. http://bibliothek.fzk.de/zb/abstracts/7238.htm
Whole Body Counters can measure radionuclides in human bodies like Cesium 134 & 137, Strontium 90, potassium 40, Iodine 131, http://biophys.urcrm.ru/sich/index.html#Kozheurov
“Children receive the highest doses, because the dose coefficients, in a 3 year old child, are 5 times higher than in adults.“ Vassily Nesterenko: “the human infant while nursing may attain higher body bur dens of radiocesium than would be the case for somewhat older children.”: http://radionucleide.free.fr/Stresseurs/419.pdfThyroid Abnormalities are Precancerous Condition!