The official and PUBLIC belarusian radiation map shows CLEAN areas: MOSTLY Belarus appears to be clean: And this is a LIE! An official lie!
Plutonium (Pu-239), that triggers in micrograms cancer, is produced in each reactor in the fission of uranium, about 250kg per year and reactor.
Radiogases which reactors emit do not disappear.
Instead they become more deadly.
Krypton 89 stays 18,4 seconds (full decay time) and becomes Strontium 89, which stays 500 days.
Krypton 90 stays 323 seconds and delievers Strontium 90 (288 years) via Rubidium 90 (1,580 seconds).
Xenon 137 stays 384 minutes and decays into Cesium 137 (300 years) which becomes stable Barium 137.
Plutonium 241 stays 147 years, becomes Americium 241 which stays 4,000 years and then becomes Neptunium 237, which stays 22 million years.
HALF-LIFE – an euphemistic term, used by the nuclear industry, to downplay and conceal.
European Continent is COMPLETELY irradiated: http://www.unscear.org/docs/JfigXI.pdf Cesium 137: Full Decay Time is 10 human generatons = 300 years.
Radionuclides decay more slowly with time.
Half life time means that only half of the radiation has disappeared. You have to multiply the half life time by ten in order to know approximately, when it disappeared from the environment. In the case of Strontium and Cesium that would be 300 years.
comparsion by 希望の大輪
Every Oblast (federal state) of Belarus HERE: (from the textbook, and not real measurements): http://www.rbic.by/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=256&Itemid=86
The official belarusian radiation maps from the Radiation Atlas of the Government (NOT PUBLIC) show the change over the decades (1986 – 2046):And there is NEVER a CLEAN area. I had the chance to look into the Radiation Atlas, when our NGO visited the Kosmo Aero Geology Institute of Belarus (http://www.kosmoaerogeology.by)
“Taking into account increased sensitivity of cells of different organs and tissues of animals from chronically irradiated populations to induction of all types of mutations – genic, genomic (polyploid cells) and structural (chromosome aberrations), it is necessary to emphasise that the areas with a wide range of radiocontamination density due to the Chernobyl fallout (8-2351 kBq/m² in our tests) are zones with high genetic risk for animals and man.” http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr21/kr21pdf/Goncharova.pdf
the blast / federal state BREST in 1996: (Belarus) / Border to Poland – distance to Chernobyl: 460 km
then, BREST in 2006:
and BREST in 2026:
The penetration of radionuclides into deeper soil layers: The water solubility of these isotopes is essential. There exists the following sequence: Strontium> Cesium> Tungsten> Yttrium> Cerium> Zircon. http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/PHY_37_1_0085-0092.pdf. Most of these radionuclides remain a long time on the upper 1-2 centimeters, after 5 years 60 – 85% of them are decreased in 3 – 5 cm depth. http://www.dissercat.com/content/sistema-zashchitnykh-meropriyatii-i-tekhnologicheskie-priemy-vedeniya-rastenievodstva-na-sel
And now one of the most irradiated oblasts / federal states of Belarus: GOMEL, in 1986 – distance to Chernobyl: 138 km
Ten years later, GOMEL 1996:
10 years later: GOMEL, 2016:
“Germline mutation at human minisatellite loci has been studied among children born in heavily polluted areas of the Mogilev district of Belarus after the Chernobyl accident and in a control population. The frequency of mutation was found to be twice as high in the exposed families as in the control group. Mutation rate in the Mogilev families was correlated with the level of caesium-137 surface contamination, consistent with radiation induction of germline mutation.” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8614461
And this is Minsk – the capital, 2,000,000 people: According to the PUBLIC OFFICIAL MAP: CLEAN. Already in 1986. But: IRRADIATED in 2046 and 1986!
The development of Strontium 90:
CHERNOBYL IRRADIATED THE WHOLE EUROPEAN CONTINENT:
and in Forests of Belarus:
“not until 2016, at the earliest, will we know the full number of those likely to develop serious medical conditions.” former Secretary-General Kofi Annan http://www.un.org/ha/chernobyl/docs/sgsm7778.htm
What do these Becquerel and Curie mean? ONE EXAMPLE:
555,000 to 1,48 million becquerel per m² mean 50 – 60 mSv a year! EXTERNAL! Internal not even counted in: http://tekknorg.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/16.jpg “For children of the Stolinsk District, Brest Province, who were radiated in utero from ambient Cs-137 levels up to 15 Ci/km2, morbidity was significantly higher for the primary classes of illnesses 10 years later. Disease diagnoses were manifest at ages 6 to 7 years” Page 63: http://www.strahlentelex.de/Yablokov%20Chernobyl%20book.pdf -> http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10576018