Iodine – 131
Half-life of 8-9 days, but the full decay time means it is located in the area about 3 months. It is a gas and can be transported hundreds of kilometers in the clouds, where it then falls as rain. In normal operation of reactors 10,000,000,000 becquerel escape per year allowed – and per reactor! Bythe disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima huge amounts were set free and were absorbed by the body through the breath and the food. In particular, the thyroid gland needs much iodine for the preparation of growth hormone. The child’s growing body needs very much and can not distinguish between the radioactive isotope and the normal iodine. Radio-Iodine emits beta and gamma rays in the tissue, and damages the organ.
As in the first years of Chernobyl no ultrasound examinations were performed because opf the absence of equipment – there is no information about the early damage in the thyroid. In the Fukushima Prefecture live 360 ,000 children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. Approximately 60,000 were previously studied. In over 40% nodes and cysts were found.
Normally, these changes are not seen until adulthood. They do not belong to young thyroid glands. They are the expression of a diffuse injury. What will happen can only be seen in follow-up examinations (see above). By Chernobyl 4,000 children in Belarus dveloped thyroid cancer, throughout the Soviet Union probably 7,000 children developed thyroid cancer, which practically did not occur until 1986 in children. On my first visit to Minsk in 1990, I saw in a clinic children of all ages, even very small, which went through surgery and were already in a rehabilitation clinic. But also chronic thyroid inflammation and Hypothyroidism / Hyperthyroidism occur and must be regularly examined and treated so that a Child can thrive. Meanwhile, the thyroid cancer also occurs in adults (see latency) and we can see thyroid gland dysfunctionagain and again in children from Belarus.
Thyroid Abnormalities = Precancerous Condition: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2013/03/08/thyroid-abnormalities-precancerous-condition/
Strontium – 90 and Tritium, H-3
Tritium is a beta emitter with a half-life of 12.3 years. Nuclear power plants in normal operation emit it in large quantities over their chimney and their waste into water, into the environment. It combines with oxygen to “heavy water” (HTO). Again, plants, animals or the human body, can not differ between Tritium and H²O. It is absorbed into the body, and even built into the genes, where the beta particles – are close enough to radiosensitive structures to cause diseases and genetic defects – despite the low range. Strontium-90., a beta-emitter with a half life of 28.8 years (full decay time 288 years), is leaving reactors to the environment in much smaller quantities as tritium or cesium. Since it is held by the body for calcium, it is also incorporated into the teeth and the bone (http://www.radiation.org/projects/tooth_fairy.html). Beta particles radiate the whole life time in the bone marrow into highly sensitive ares where hematopoiesis takes place. Even small amounts of Sr-90 are therefore the most dangerous triggers for leukemia (blood cancer) in children. The bone marrow also contains the stem cells of the red blood cells. They are damaged, and cause anemia, with negative consequences for the welfare of the children. The immune bodies are formed in the bone marrow. This ability is reduced or no longer available and the result is what you can call “Chernobyl AIDS”, a weakened immune system. Minor infection widen into bronchitis or pneumonia. It also seems that after vaccination not enough Antibodies are fomed. Bone cancer in children – used to be very rare – is also caused by the built in Strontium-90.. In the summer, belarusian children of last year, we saw massive caries. In my opinion also be the result of built in Strontium-90.
“It is well known that radiation can cause mutations in bacteria and viruses. Andrei Sakharov, the famous Russian physicist, described in his 1992 Memoirs that even at low levels radiation could increase mutations of bacteria and viruses. His predictions, which were originally made in 1958, have come true and we are seeing new ailments such as Reye’s syndrome which first appeared in 1963, and Legionnaires’ disease, which is caused by a bacteria that was not threatening prior to 1976. AIDS may be related to a mutated virus combined with a weakened immunity in a generation born after the first nuclear weapons were detonated.”
„When the radiation from such isotopes as strontium-89 and 90 in the bone marrow mutates an existing virus that invades the T-cells of the immune system and kills them in the process of replication, the stage is set for the complete collapse of the immune defenses and resulting death from opportunistic infections or cancer.”
“For the nuclear lobby, any research indicating harm from ionising radiation represents a commercial threat that must at all costs be averted. Research on damage to the human genome (one of the most serious consequences of the contamination) was not part of the international project requested of the WHO in 1991 by the health ministers of Ukraine, Belarus and the Russian Federation. Yet dental caries was made a research priority. And although these countries had addressed their research request to the WHO, it was the IAEA which planned the project.” http://mondediplo.com/2008/04/14who
Cesium – 137
Half-life is about 30 years (full decay time 300 years), biological half-life of 50-150 days, in children it tends to be shorter. Cesium is excreted through the kidneys. The body uses it as potassium, which is located in each cell. Cesium sends beta and gamma radiation from the decay, and is absorbed by the body from the diet quickly and completely. In whole-body radiation measurements (Whold Body Counter Check-ups), the gamma radiation of cesium – 137 is measured in Bq / kg of body weight and measured before and after a recovery residence of children from Belarus a significant decrease of the Cesium can be seen: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/04/14/children-radiation-maps-2/ Cesium is the “leading isotope” by the disasters of Chernobyl and Fukushima. And where there is Cesium, of course, are also
many other isotopes. Since Cesium can occur in every cell, every organ is to be damaged. It comes to high concentrations in the muscles, and heart muscle where cells die or the blood supply by destroying the vessel walls no longer works. Strokes and heart attacks resulting in people in middle age. Renal failure, high blood pressure in childhood, liver injury and diffuse brain disorders are described. Children suffer from cataracts of the eyes, older people without cataracts are the exception. Also in the placenta cesium is concentrated and harms the growing child. Miscarriages, premature births, birth defects resulting with a large birth risk and developmental disorders. Each organ, especially the lungs and the gastrointestinal tract in women, can develop cancer, and it appears that the cancer caused by radioactive radiation is particularly aggressive and metastasizes quickly.
In each nucleus a chromosome is set of all the genetic information, which is called the genome. Changes of this genetic information are called mutation. A mutation happens in egg or sperm cells, the embryo can not develop and die from it, or it comes to malformations. To date, over 3,000 genetic diseases are known. In the first year of Chernobyl statistically more children were born with Down syndrome (trisomy) as before and after (http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/17/nuclear-cancer-industry/)! From animal experiments it is known that all types of mutations can be caused by radiation! Since cesium-137 remains 300 years in the biological cycle, and occurs mostly with food and water always in the organism, the genetic damage is further increased with generation after generation, more and more people in their suffer from genetic mutations.
Fukushima’s Butterflies – known since 1927: http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2012/08/17/fukushimas-butterflies-known-since-1927/
Stochastic effects and children:
There is statistical health damage caused by the so-called low-level radiation (above ZERO up to 500mSv.) That is not assigned to any particular people, but occur in a defined population. This issue is the subject of thousands of studies all over the world since the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, and I will discuss in detail below with reference to examples. Factors such as age, gender, health, immune system, nutrition, social situation and the duration of exposure of the radioactivity influence the onset of cancer and other diseases. Until the Chernobyl disaster, the biological effects in the body of the
radioactive isotopes have been undervalued.
It is now clear: Any radiation poses a risk especially for children who are extremely radiosensitive.
1) A child is constantly increasing in weight and size, it grows from the intrauterine embryo to adult, the younger, the faster. Therefore, the cells divide much more frequently than an adult. Cells in the division phase (mitosis) are more vulnerable to radiation than cells in the resting phase.
2) The ability of the body to recognize “defective” cells and to eliminate them develops during childhood. An embryo has not yet this ability. Therefore “defective” cells can multiply unimpeded and later lead to cancer or heritable diseases.
3) A child that grows must hold more substances than emiting them, more than an adult. The body of a child takes in more radioactive substances in food, drink and air we breathe than adults. Especially dangerous are 137 and Cs-134 and 137 and Sr-90 – deposited in the muscles or in the bone (see below).
4) Children have their whole lives ahead of them. Some diseases caused by radiation take a long time to occur (latency): 20 or even 30 years. Children are more likely than older adults to reach the dubious chance to see the end of this latency. In the human body there are about 200 different cell types, each has a different function.
Basically, each cell can respond to injury with four responses:
1) The damage is so severe that the cell dies.
2) The cell can repair the damage (in children see above).
3) The cell loses its ability to produce certain substances, such as in the pancreas gland which can not produce insulin anymore (increase of diabetes in Belarus among children and adults) or other digestive juices during the growth, of the thyroid hormones.
4) The malignant cells degenerate and there is cancer.
It is now clear: Any radiation poses a risk especially for children who are extremely radiosensitive.
The effect of 4 isotopes of iodine -131, Strontium-90, Tritium (H-3) and cesium – 134 / 137 on the human body I will now show more detail, not without pointing out the most toxic isotope, plutonium (Pu-239), that triggers in micrograms cancer. It is produced in each reactor in the fission of uranium, about 250kg per year and reactor.
Radiogases which reactors emit do not disappear.
Instead they become more deadly.
Krypton 89 stays 18,4 seconds (full decay time) and becomes Strontium 89, which stays 500 days.
Krypton 90 stays 323 seconds and delievers Strontium 90 (288 years) via Rubidium 90 (1,580 seconds).
Xenon 137 stays 384 minutes and decays into Cesium 137 (300 years) which becomes stable Barium 137.
Plutonium 241 stays 147 years, becomes Americium 241 which stays 4,000 years and then becomes Neptunium 237, which stays 22 million years.
Welcome to the next level.
-> Childhood cancer near reactors: http://alfred-koerblein.de/cancer/english/index.htm
translated by Jan Hemmer, NGO “For the Children of Chernobyl”
original Text by Dr. Dörte Siedentopf, IPPNW Germany, for the NGO “For the Children of Chernobyl”