comparsion by 希望の大輪
March 2011: Fukushima emits thousands of micro sievert per hour: http://www.4shared.com/office/nPJKPY-4/81894528-fukushima-radiation-l.html by Pattie L. Brassard
THE ARCHIVE: Plans, NRC transcripts, concealed DATA, Fuel / Rod Data, Photos, etc.: DOWNLOAD http://www.4shared.com/dir/E4sQOura/_online.html#dir=E4sQOura by Pattie L. Brassard
The upcoming World Events: http://www.save-children-from-radiation.org/2013/03/07/world-network-leaflet-for-the-coming-events/
and a LIVE Broadcast: http://aoitoribunko.blog91.fc2.com/blog-entry-79.html by Shinnichi Miyamoto
External (Air) Measurments from Japan:
Act concerning the promotion of measures to provide living support to the Victims, including the children who were affected by the TEPCO Nuclear Accident in order to protect and support their lives
Dr. Siedentopf, of IPPNW reports here on a visit to a village in Fukushima Prefecture.
-including a report on a trip taking in five cities here.
After our congress, thirty participants drove to Fukushima Prefecture. The trip was one and a half hours by train from Tokyo. We then boarded a bus which drove us to Kaera Kawauchi, <which has recently been reopened to allow the residents to return, despite hiughy radiation levels – J.L.> This visit was sponsored by two organizations, “Peace Boat” and Physicians against Nuclear War (PANW). Founded in 1987, PANW has grown to nearly 1000 physicians, “in the spirit of opposing nuclear war, and the abolition of of all nuclear weapons. ” Following the March 11 2011 Fukushima disaster, PANW stand openly against nuclear power; they are committed to illuminate the world on the consequences of released radioactivity.
The Japanese IPPNW chapter, or JPPNW, is reported on the internet as comprised of 3,000 members. JPPNW has not stood against nuclear power.
Our bus journey took us through tree covered, mountainous, uninhabited terrain. It was here that we witnessed the huge blue “bags” full of contaminated soil. This soil is said to be highly radioactive, millions of bequerel/kg of soil. From our bus we measure, inside, 3,5µSv/h. Outside our bus the readings are said to be 50% higher. We are informed that the number of dislocated people following the Fukushima disaster is 340,000. This includes not only those in the evacuation, but also many “voluntary refugees.” They come from Fukushima prefecture as well as from east of Tokyo and other adjacent prefectures. But only those evacuees who left under mandatory order are to receive financial compensation, and this is paid by the government itself, as everybody knows that although Tepco is the one obligated to provide the compensation, Tepco is broke.
In another valley we meet a farmer. He has a rice paddy, with a basin in the foreground in which ducks and geese are seen swimming. We listen to his story. They should remove the Cs137 from the muddy rice paddy. The ducks and geese will be tested for Cs137. If the flesh has < 100Bq, then when November arrives, the harvested rice should be safe to eat. He offers his thoughts, that he feels safe here. The risks to him are less than the health risks of smoking would be, he feels.
The village school has reopened. Previously with 250 schoolchildren, there are only 25 now. Those village inhabitants who have returned occupy 150 emergency shelters; these are temporary cramped accommodations to be used during the ongoing decontamination of the village. In one shop, villagers may bring their vegetables in to be tested for radioactivity for free. There is a dosimeter maintained in from of the community center. It registers 0,194µSv/h. But just 5 m. away, Lars Polmeier is recording a radiation value theee times that. Inside the facility is a day hospital with 7 beds, dental services, social support and medical supplies. The physician is a neurosurgeon, who moved here from a very contaminated city. He tells us that iodine tablets were not on hand for the residents prior to the accident, but only 16 days after. Given this late, iodine tablets are useless. The boundary line demarcating decontaminated land is marked by red tape, at the outskirts of the forest. We speak with the mayor. He tells us 6000 were temporarily accommodated here. He is confident the radiation levels would be low now. There were 400 involved with decontamination at the power plant at the beginning, but now the number has shrunk to 100.
The ongoing threats to Japan and beyond are from (Fukushima Daiichi) reactor 4. There remain 1500 fuel rods on site, held in a damaged spent fuel pool. These will need to be kept cool for 5 to 10 years <after which they will need permanent storage-J.L.> The continued radioactive pollution of the ocean from the reactor is an ongoing threat.
Back in Fukushima we listen to two University Professors. There is now a JPPNW group there. A psychiatrist spoke of the obstacles facing the evaluation of patients. Many clients have died over this time. Prof. Suzuki describes the SD examinations (examinations for autoimmune thyroid disease) carried out on 360,000 children from the Prefecture under the age of 18. Of these,4000 exams have been performed in hospitals, and 36,000 took place in schools. 35% of these exams demonstrated small cysts and solid nodules. The working assessment was that these abnormalities should just be followed up with another exam in two years. But the PANW opinion is that lumps and cysts are always an abnormal finding in a child.
A committee has been formed of citizens and physicians. They have protested to the Ministry of Health. They maintain that the followup exams take place in one year, and that results should be revealed to the child’s family in each case. Further, the committee is petitioning that exams be conducted on all children on Japan.
Our group of IPPNW participants above toured five cities giving lectures. We faced nondisclosure of findings, rejection of examinations, and an air of suspicion toward hospital physicians. J.Patterson, the designated president of PSR – Physicians for Social Responsibilty USA – and I met with local groups, took part in counseling interviews with independent physicians who had worried clients, and also got to know some protester activists who take their own radiation measurements, identify “hot spots”, and organize social projects. Our two lecture topics differed: J.P. discussed the “nuclear meander.” I spoke of the medical consequences of Chernobyl, now 26 years out, in Germany and Belarus. We brought along , in Japanese, versons of “Health-related consequences of Chernobyl”. Some were already familiar with the material. We often did not have good answers to audience questions.
Everyone was against restarting nuclear operations. From Prof. Hiraoki Koide from Kyoto, a well-known figure, we learned that Japan has a surplus generating capacity of 20-30% for electricity. I was stunned by the handling of contaminated tsunami garbage, which is mixed 1:10 with household trash and incinerated in previously uncontaminated prefertures. That is, uncontaminated until now. By this action, the whole country became contaminated. Prof. Koide thinks the only appropriate solution is to declare the region around the reactors as uninhabitable, and confine dumping sites to this area. Meanwhile, the official communication to the Japanese is that residents could return again…
The decision of local communities to take contaminated garbage is subject to legal challenge, since there has been no Parliamentary enactment. Other lawyers represent the interests of victims who have lost homes but must continue to pay off mortgage interest. I was unprepared to face the inner conflicts in Japanese society after Fukushima. Mothers and children in the South while fathers work over 100 kilometers away. Teachers and classmates discriminate against the dislocated students. There are social barriers between remunerated and unremunerated people, people who returned and those who have left. Men often do not fear contaminated food, while women worry; every government agency is viewed with suspicion; those who speak out against the “party line” and when their concerns are might light of by physicians and government agencies stand to lose their friends, but we have heard “I found new ones.”
There is no Health care system or Government able to deal with such a super “GAU” – “worst case scenario.” We have only one earth. Let’s stop this madness! Shut down! No nukes!
The Reactor pressure vessel (RPV) is around the core with the reactor fuel: http://www.nuclearevents.info/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/fukushima-reactor-building-containment-110314d-021.jpeg
The Fukushima containment is closed under pressure, unlike Chernobyl, which had no containment. This means that the force of an explosion would actually be greater in Fukushima. If the reactor operator let#s out pressure, it decreases the possible risk of an explosion, but sets free unbelievable amounts of curie / radionuclides.
This is the problem of Western reactors: The control rods are made of a material -> cadmium-silver-indium. If something goes wrong, the control rods melt first. It is likely that the control rods are rather lost than the core. – says Ross Hesketh, a nuclear scientist, ON PDF PAGE 42 HERE: http://wilpfinternational.org/publications/Tchernobyl_consequences.pdf
Normal reactor inventory: http://www.life-upgrade.com/DATA/inventory-reactor-beznau2.jpg
Screenshot here: http://www.life-upgrade.com/DATA/control-rods-western-reacto.jpg
The control rods are made of
>> cadmium (melting point: 321.07 °C, 594.22 K, 609.93 °F)
>> silver (961°C) 1234.93 K, 1763.2 °F)
>> indium (156°C 429.7485 K, 313.8773 °F)
>> The cladding (zirconium), which they found in parts outside the plant: 1857 °C
Melting point of the UO² fuel: 2800°C.
If something goes wrong, the control rods melt first.
They are NOT in the reactor 2 video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3Vdiwg6c5o
Then the cladding melts, then the reactor fuel melts.
On PDF Page 59 of TEPCO document 1-8 we find: 4 x 10 mSv PER HOUR at a distance of 0,28 km: http://www.scribd.com/doc/88568685/%E7%A6%8F%E5%B3%B6%E7%AC%AC%E4%B8%80%E5%8E%9F%E7%99%BA%E4%BA%8B%E6%95%85%E7%9B%B4%E5%BE%8C%E3%81%8B%E3%82%89%E3%81%AE%E7%8F%BE%E5%A0%B4%E3%81%A8%E6%94%BF%E5%BA%9C%E3%81%AE%E3%82%84%E3%82%8A%E5%8F%96%E3%82%8AFAX1-8 –at the Reactors we find 400 mSv PER HOUR mentioned in this NRC correspondence on PDF page 15 (“There was a media report of a 40-rem dose measured somewhere near the plant.”): http://www.houseoffoust.com/fukushima/NRCFOIA/ML12052A106.pdf in my view, this speaks for brutal high radiation, if we take into account, that the air even weakens the concentration. This is 40 times the daily dose at a 1000 Curie per km² area, for example near Chernobyl reactor 4 / hot sport, with 37 mio becquerel per m² (map): http://life-upgrade.com/DATA/Chernobyl-map.jpg or 166 times the yearly dose in Germany. And I _think_ this speaks for the lost inventory of containment and inventory. Because it is also reactor fuel, that is all over there (494 Kg of Plutonium 239 was in the burnup fuel of Chernobyl): Page 6 right top: http://life-upgrade.com/DATA/Artikel%20zu%20Tschernobyl%20in%20Nuclear%20Technology%20Vol%2090.pdf
According to KAWATA Toumio, Fellow of the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), all reactor inventory of Fukushima Reactor 2 was released on March 14th 2011, 6:22 pm: http://www.strahlentelex.de/Stx_11_588_S01-02.pdf
Minamisoma: 130 micro sievert per hour (external)= 10 million becquerel per m² (soil): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0W9Y1ttNzw
> FUKUSHIMA 360: http://ev.digital.asahi.com/special/panorama/20130220fukushima/
> CHERNOBYL 24: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aSvqanhiJNE
And where does it all go? http://tekknorg.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/nuclear-industry-mental-illness-and-heart-diseases/
The reactors became flesh and left their containment.
It’s not five before midnight. It is generations after it.